21 March 2013

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In Depth Timeline Chronology of 1993 Mumbai Serial Bomb Blast Case TADA Court SC Trial Dutt Conviction

In Depth Timeline Chronology of 1993 Mumbai Serial Bomb Blast Case TADA Court SC Trial Dutt Conviction

The Mumbai (Bombay) bombings case is one of India's longest-running trials.

The 1993 Bombay bombings were a series of 12 bomb explosions that took place in Bombay  Maharashtra, India on Friday, 12 March 1993.

Property worth Rs. 27 crore was lost.

A special court was set up to hear the case and regular hearings have taken place over the years, with more than 600 witnesses questioned.

2-hour terror attack blasts resulted in over 250 fatalities and 700 injuries.

Below is the timeline of terror One day and 12 Bomb Blasts
Time line of Twelve coordinated blasts within two hours on March 12, 1993

Blast One, 1330 hrs. IST -- The Bombay Stock Exchange - 84 dead, 217 injured

Blast Two, 1415 hrs. IST -- Narsi Natha Street - 5 dead, 16 injured

Blast Three, 1430 hrs IST -- Shiv Sena Bhavan - 4 dead, 50 injured

Blast Four, 1433 hrs IST -- Air India Building - 20 dead, 87 injured

Blast Five, 1445 hrs IST -- Mahim Causeway - 3 dead, 6 injured

Blast Six, 1445 hrs IST -- Century Bazaar - 113 dead, 227 injured

Blast Seven, 1505 hrs IST -- Zaveri Bazar - 17 dead, 57 injured

Blast Eight, 1510 hrs IST -- Sea Rock Hotel, Bandra

Blast Nine, 1513 hrs IST -- Plaza Cinema - 10 dead, 37 injured

Blast Ten, 1520 hrs IST -- Juhu Centaur Hotel - 3 injured

Blast Eleven, 1530 hrs IST -- Sahar Airport

Blast Twelve, 1540 hrs IST -- Airport Centaur Hotel -2 dead, 8 injured

Below is the time line , chronology of TADA court trail in 1993 Mumbai Serial Blast Case

November 4, 1993:
primary chargesheet filed against 189 accused, including actor Sanjay Dutt

November 19, 1993:
The  case  handed over to the Central Bureau of Investigation.

April 1, 1994:
The TADA court shifted from the city sessions and civil court to a separate building inside the premises of the Central Jail at Arthur Road.

April 10, 1995:
26 accused discharged by the TADA court and charges framed against the remaining accused. Supreme Court discharges two more accused, travel agent Abu Asim Azmi (now Samajwadi Party member of Parliament) and Amjed Meher Baux.

April 19, 1995:
Trial in the case commences.

April-June 1995:
Charges framed against the accused.

June 30, 1995:
Two accused persons, Mohammed Jameel and Usman Jhankanan, turn approvers in the case.

October 14, 1995:
Sanjay Dutt (accused number 117), arrested on April 19, 1993, granted bail by the Supreme Court.

March 23, 1996:
Judge J N Patel transfered and elevated as a high court judge.

March 29, 1995:
P D Kode designated as a special TADA judge.

October 2000:
Examination of 684 prosecution witnesses ends.

March 9-July 18, 2001:
The accused persons' statements recorded.

August 9, 2001 to October 18, 2001:
Prosecution started arguments and completed arguments

November 9, 2001 to August 22, 2002:
Defence started arguments and closed the arguments

February 20, 2003:
Dawood gang member Ejaz Pathan produced in court.

March 20, 2003:
Mustafa Dossa's remand proceedings and trial separated.

September 2003:
Trial ends, waiting for judgement.

June 13, 2006:
Salem's trial separated.

August 10, 2006:
Judge P D Kode  said that the judgement will be pronounced on September 12.

September 12, 2006:
The court starts delivering the judgement, pronounces four members of the Memon family guilty, acquits three.
100 of the 129 finally accused were found to be guilty and were convicted by Justice PD Kode of the specially designated TADA court.
Many of the 100 are still missing including the main conspirators and masterminds of the attacks – Tiger Memon and Dawood Ibrahim

The Memons –

Yakub Memon has spent approximately 15+ years in prison.
He was sentenced to death by hanging by the Judge, Ashish Roy Pillai.
Convicted for conspiracy.
Arranging finance and managing its disbursement through co-accused, Mulchand Shah and from a firm, Tejarath International, owned by absconding accused, and brother, Ayub Memon to achieve objectives of conspiracy.
Arranged for air tickets through Altafali Mushtaqali Sayyed, East West travels for the youths who were sent for arms and ammunition training to Pakistan. Also made arrangements for their lodging and boarding.
Purchased motor vehicles which were used while planting bombs.
Requested co-accused, Amjadali Meherbux and Altafali Sayyed, to store suitcases containing arms, ammunition, hand grenades and detonators.

Essa and Yusuf Memon, brothers of Yakub.

Both were charged for allowing their flat in Al-Hussaini building, Mahim to be used for hosting conspiracy meetings as well as storage of arms and explosives.

Essa has already spent about 13 years in prison. He was sentenced to life imprisonment for his role in the bombings on October 2006

Yusuf is a chronic schizophrenia patient, but has spent less than a year in prison. He had also allowed use of his van for planting bombs. Yusuf was sentenced to life imprisonment for his role in the attacks, but granted bail on medical grounds stipulating that he would remain in hospital for treatment

Rubina Memon.
Her Maruti car was the first piece of evidence in the trial.
She was convicted for allowing the use of her Maruti van, registered on her name, by other accused, who had delivered the explosives and awarded a life sentence.

Three members of the Memon family – Suleiman, Hanifa and Raheen were acquitted with the judge giving them the benefit of doubt.

The Planters
Prosecution has sought the death sentence for all except Imtiaz Ghavate as he is HIV positive. The prosecution has sought a lesser sentence for him.

Shoaib Ghansar
planted an RDX-laden scooter in Zaveri Bazaar that killed 17 and injured 57 others
He was also guilty of filling RDX in the scooter the previous night at Al-Hussaini building that killed 17 people and injured 57. He is Asghar Mukadam's cousin.
He was sentenced to death by the court on the counts of murder and participating in terrorist act on 19 July 2007

Asghar Mukadam
planted an RDX-laden van in Plaza Cinema with Shahnawaz Qureshi that killed 10 and injured 37 others
Participated in the loading of RDX in vehicles, on 11 March
Collected money from Mulchand Shah and facilitating disbursement of money to other accused
Sentenced to death on 19 July 2007.

Shahnawaz Qureshi
planted an RDX-laden van at Plaza Cinema with Asghar Mukadam, killing 10 and injuring 37others
Guilty of taking arms training in Pakistan via Dubai and of loading the contraband in Al-Hussaini building on 11 March 1993.
Sentenced to death on 19 July 2007.

 Abdul Ghani Turk,
 guilty of parking RDX-laden jeep at Century Bazaar killing 113 and injuring 227
 Filling RDX in vehicles killing 113 and injuring 227
Sentenced to death on 18 July 2007.

Parvez Shaikh,
guilty of parking a bomb in Katha Bazaar that killed four.
Guilty of planting bomb in Hotel Sea Rock, destroying property worth nine crores.
Sentenced to death on 18 July 2007.

 Mohammed Iqbal Mohammed Yusuf Shaikh,
convicted for throwing hand grenades in Sahar airport; parking an unexploded RDX-laden scooter in Naigaon
Obtaining arms training in Pakistan, loading RDX in vehicles on the night of 11 March
Sentenced to death on 20 July 2007

Naseem Barmare, guilty of hurling hand grenades at Sahar airport.
Parking unexploded scooter at Naigaum.
Acquiring weapon training in Pakistan.
Participating in conspiracy meetings
Preparing vehicle bombs.
Sentenced to life imprisonment and fined Rs. 2,30,000.

Mohammed Farooq Pawale
planted an RDX-laden car at Air-India building killing 20 and injuring 84.
Parking an RDX-laden van near Sena Bhavan with approver killing 4 and injuring 50
Participated in arms training in Pakistan
Participated in the landing of arms and ammunition at Shekhadi
Sentenced to death on 25 July 2007.

Mushtaq Tarani
participated in a meeting at hotel Taj Mahal. He did a reconnaissance of the sites for the blasts.
Planting at Hotel Juhu Centaur injuring 3 and causing loss of property worth Rs 2.10 crore
Planting an unexploded scooter at Sheikh Memen street in Zaveri Bazaar
Sentenced to death on 18 July 2007.

Imtiaz Ghavate was the only one who did not face death planted unexploded RDX-laden scooter at Dhanji street in South Bombay.

He also participated in the landing of RDX, arms and ammunition at Shekhadi. He was present at the Al Husseini building, where vehicle bombs were readied.
Sentenced to life imprisonment and slapped a fine of Rs. 2,27,000

Accused involved

Mohammed Moin Qureshi, Feroz Amani Malik, Bashir Khairulla, Zakir Hussain and Abdul Akhtar Khan had pelted hand grendes in Mahim Causeway causing three deaths and injuring six. The driver Salim Shaikh, did not pelt any hand grenades.

Bashir Khairulla convicted for his participation in arms, ammunition and explosives training conducted by Tiger Memon in Sandheri and Bhorghat
Convicted for participating in the conspirator's meetings in the house of Mubina Baya and for participating in the filling of RDX in the vehicles.
Sentenced to life imprisonment on 20 July 2007.

Zakir Hussain was convicted for participating in the arms, ammunition and weapon training in Pakistan, for participating in conspirator's meetings and participating in the filling of RDX
Sentenced to death on 24 July 2007

Abdul Akhtar Khan convicted for taking arms, ammunition and explosives training in Pakistan.
 Sentenced to death on 24 July 2007.

Firoz Amani Malik convicted for taking arms, ammunition and explosives training in Pakistan
Sentenced to death on 24 July 2007
Moin Qureshi convicted for participating in the arms, ammunition and explosives training, participating in the conspirator's meeting and participating in the filling of RDX in vehicles on 11 March.
Was also found guilty for being in possession of 17 hand grenades.
 Sentenced to life imprisonment on 24 July 2007

Landing agents

Dawood Phanse a.k.a. Dawood Taklya (Dawood Baldie). He is guilty of conspiracy, organising the landing of arms, ammunition and the nearly 3,000 kg of RDX in 57 gunny bags at Shekhadi in Raigad district on 3 and 7 February 1993; attending a conspiracy meeting in Dubai with Dawood Ibrahim and Tiger Memon.
Initially, the prosecution had sought the death sentences, but due to his old age, he was given two consecutive life sentences (to be served concurrently) and fined Rs 2 lakhs
Sharif Abdul Gafoor Parkar a.k.a. Dadabhai, guilty of bribing officials and police at Raigad to assist in the landing of RDX, arms and ammunition at Shekhadi, showed training camps at Sandheri and Bhor Ghat, transportation of consignment.
Sentenced to 14 years imprisonment as he was aware of the content of the contraband, but accquited of conspiracy. He was also fined Rs. 2,00,000, defaulting which he would have to serve three more years.

Customs officials

S.N. Thapa, former additional customs collector, preventive
 Accused of being Guilty of conspiracy. Convicted for getting the information about the landing at Shekhadi and that the main exit point could be in Mhasla Shrivardhan area.
 He is alleged to have laid a trap at Purarphata on Mhasla-Goregaon road on 30 January. Besides that, his team gave up the vigil after 2 February in spite of the warnings (confessions of co-accused in TADA Court shows that landing actually took place many days after team led by Thapa had left for Mumbai) and that the smugglers, in fact, postponed the landing as they heard from sources that an ambush had been laid for them by Thapa.
These accusations stand to be the same even though confessions of others convicted say otherwise.
To quote "He (Phanse) also confessed that the duo (Phanse and Parkar)bribed all Customs officers except for Thapa, who incidentally is an accused in the case."
In the 10,000 page judgement copy provided, TADA Court judge, P.D. Kode resons that even though there is no direct or in-direct evidence against Mr. S.N. Thapa, he is awarded a term of life imprisonment because he was the seniormost customs officer and thus must be knowing about the conspiracy. Till his last days, Thapa proclaimed his innocence and was confident that the greater conspiracy of his wrongful arrest,trial and conviction would be unveiled in the Supreme Court who, in 1994 granted him bail after going through all evidence stating that there is no direct or in-direct evidence to prove that Mr. S.N. Thapa was part in planning, landing or transportation of contraband substances nor that was he aware of any such conspiracy for blasts in Mumbai

S.N. Thapa died due to lung cancer on 11 April 2008.
family expressed hopes that the supreme court will entertain their quest for the truth.

R K Singh, Former assistant commissioner of customs,
convicted for facilitating RDX landing in Shekhadi after accepting bribe of more than 7.8 lakh Rupees.
Had meetings with the accused.
Sentenced to 9 years rigorous imprisonment and slapped a fine of Rs 3,00,000.
Mohammed Sultan Sayyed, former customs superintendent.
Convicted for facilitating RDX landing in Shekhadi after accepting bribe of more than 7.8 lakh.
Had attended meetings with the accused.
Sentenced to 7 years rigorous imprisonment and fine of Rs 1,00,000

 Jaywant Gurav, former customs inspector.
Convicted for allowing passage of RDX from Raigad to Mumbai
Sentenced to 8 years rigorous imprisonment and slapped a fine of Rs 2,00,000.
S S Talwadekar, former customs superintendent.
Convicted for allowing passage of RDX from Raigad to Mumbai
Sentenced to 8 years rigorous imprisonment and slapped a fine of Rs 2,00,000.

Policemen Involved -

Vijay Patil, ex-police sub-inspector
Guilty of conspiracy and taking bribe to allow passage of RDX from Raigad to Mumbai
Has been sentenced to life imprisonment and 1 lakh rupees fine by TADA court on 22 May 2007

Ashok Muleshwar, P M Mahadik, Ramesh Mali and S Y Palshikar; all Police Constables
Guilty of allowing passage of RDX of arms from Raigad to Mumbai.
All four sentenced by TADA court to six years' imprisonment and a fine of Rs 25,000 each on 21 May 2007

Sanjay Dutt and co-conspirators –

Sanjay Dutt, convicted and sentenced to 6 years in prison for possessing arms.

Yusuf Nulwalla, convicted for trying to destroy Sanjay's arms.
He has been sentenced to five years rigorous imprisonment with two years further for destroying the arms. Also, he has to pay Rs 25,000 as fine.

Kersi Adejania, convicted for trying to destroy Sanjay's arms. He has been sentenced to two years rigorous imprisonment. He too has been slapped with a fine of Rs. 25,000 fine.

Rusi Mulla, convicted for trying to destroy Sanjay's arms. He has been freed by the court but has to pay Rs. 1 lakh to the court.
All four have been convicted under Arms Act and had applied for release under Probation of Offenders Act

Zaibunnisa Kadri guilty for storing AK-56 and hand grenades at the instance of Anees Ibrahim and Abu Salem, she faces a minimum of five years RI.

Mansoor Ahmed convicted for carrying weapons from Sanjay Dutt's house to co-accused's house has already spent 9 years in prison

Samir Hingora convicted for conspiracy.
For supplying 3 AK-56 rifles, its magazines and ammunition, hand grenades to Sanjay Dutt's residence as told to by Anis Ibrahim. Prosecution has sought the death sentence

Ibrahim Musa Chauhan alias Baba Chauhan convicted for supplying AK-56 rifles, its magazines, ammunition, and hand grenades to Sanjay Dutt and Salim Kurla as told to by Anis Ibrahim.
He was also convicted for being in unauthorised possession of one AK 56 rifles, 635 ammunition, 10 magazines, and 25 hand grenades, which were recovered by the police

Ejaz Pathan extradited from Dubai in 2003, participated in Dubai meetings, provided men for landing of arms and ammunition at Shekhadi, for being in possession of arms and sending youth to Dubai for arms training.

On November 1, 2011, Supreme Court of India commenced final hearing on a bunch of appeals filed by convicts as well as CBI in the 1993 Mumbai bomb blasts case

Sanjay Dutta and CBI and Supreme Court of India

In 2007, Sanjay Dutt was convicted by a Special Terrorist and Disruptive Activities Act (TADA) court for illegally possessing a 9 mm pistol and an AK-56 rifle.

CBI said that before the attack, Dawood's gang members had delivered AK-56 rifles, a 9 mm pistol and grenades to Mr. Sanjay Dutt's home

CBI had said that the weapons given to Mr. Dutt were part of the stockpile used for the Mumbai blasts.

He was acquitted under the Tada Act.

CBI did not challenge the Tada Act Acquittal in Supreme Court of India.

After conviction, Sanjay Dutt filed an appeal in Supreme Court of India in August 2007.

He has spent 18 months in prison and is out on bail.
In November 2007, Sanjay Dutt was granted bail.

August 14 -In Supreme Court advocate for the Sanjay told SC bench that Mr. Dutt had only attended a dinner in Dubai hosted by Dawood before the Mumbai terror attack.

I have only attended a dinner at Dawood's house along with two film producers, which was before the blast. Other than that I do not have any relationship,"

Thursday, March 21, 2013

The Supreme Court would on Thursday pronounce the verdict
A bench of Justice P Satha-sivam and Justice BS Chauhan would deliver the judgment on the appeals filed by the convicted also by CBI challenging acquittals.

The agency had also moved appeals seeking enhancement of sentence of 47 persons who were convicted of lesser offence.

CBI had filed 48 appeals of which 20 were against those who were acquitted of all the charges.

There is no CBI appeal against Dutt’s acquittal under TADA.
But still he faces six year jail term , 18 months he has already spent in Jail

Two convicts - Mohammed Iqbal, who got death sentence and SN Thapa, a former Customs officer, who was given life term – died  during the pendency of case

Of the 20 who were given life sentence, one died and two got bail.
Seventeen are serving life sentence in jail along with 11 death convicts.

Updated on Thursday, March 21, 2013 1.30 PM IST
Suggested Reading –

Mumbai Serial Blast 1993 Supreme Court Judgement Know 13 Important Facts Sanjay Dutt Gets 5 Years Jail

Reality views by sm –

Thursday, March 21, 2013

Tags – Mumbai Serial Bomb Blast 1993 Sanjay Dutt Guilty


deeps March 21, 2013  

culprits should be punished whoever or whatever they are

MEcoy March 22, 2013  

another great post