28 June 2018

Pin It

Know 13 Facts History of University Grants Commission (UGC)

Know 13 Facts History of University Grants Commission (UGC)

1956 – Congress Party was in Power and ruled India .Jawaharlal Nehru was the Prime Minister of India UGC is also creation or gift of Congress party to India.

1-The University Grants Commission of India (UGC India) is a statutory body set up by the Indian Union government in accordance to the UGC Act 1956 under Ministry of Human Resource Development, and is charged with coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of higher education.

2-UGC provides recognition to universities in India, and disburses funds to such recognized universities and colleges.

3-Its headquarters is in New Delhi, and six regional centers in Pune, Bhopal, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Guwahati and Bangalore.

4-UGC is modeled after University Grants Committee of UK which was an advisory committee of the British government and advised on the distribution of grant funding amongst the British universities. The committee was in existence from 1919 until 1989.

5-The present system of higher education dates back to Mountstuart Elphinstone`s minutes of 1823, which stressed on the need for establishing schools for teaching English and the European sciences. Later, Lord Macaulay, in his minutes of 1835, advocated "efforts to make natives of the country thoroughly good English scholars". Sir Charles Wood`s Dispatch of 1854, famously known as the ` Magna Carta of English Education in India`, recommended creating a properly articulated scheme of education from the primary school to the university. It sought to encourage indigenous education and planned the formulation of a coherent policy of education. Subsequently, the universities of Calcutta, Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras were set up in 1857, followed by the university of Allahabad in 1887.

The Inter-University Board (later known as the Association of Indian Universities) was established in 1925 to promote university activities, by sharing information and cooperation in the field of education, culture, sports and allied areas.

The first attempt to formulate a national system of education in India came In 1944, with the Report of the Central Advisory Board of Education on Post War Educational Development in India, also known as the Sargeant Report. It recommended the formation of a University Grants Committee, which was formed in 1945 to oversee the work of the three Central Universities of Aligarh, Banarasand Delhi. In 1947, the Committee was entrusted with the responsibility of dealing with all the then existing Universities.

6-Soon after Independence, the University Education Commission was set up in 1948 under the Chairmanship of Dr. S Radhakrishnan "to report on Indian university education and suggest improvements and extensions that might be desirable to suit the present and future needs and aspirations of the country". It recommended that the University Grants Committee be reconstituted on the general model of the University Grants Commission of the United Kingdom with a full-time Chairman and other members to be appointed from amongst educationists of repute.
In 1952, the Union Government decided that all cases pertaining to the allocation of grants-in-aid from public funds to the Central Universities and other Universities and Institutions of higher learning might be referred to the University Grants Commission. Consequently, the University Grants Commission (UGC) was formally inaugurated by late Shri Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the then Minister of Education, Natural Resources and Scientific Research on 28 December 1953.
The UGC, however, was formally established only in November 1956 as a statutory body of the Government of India through an Act of Parliament for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of university education in India. In order to ensure effective region-wise coverage throughout the country, the UGC has decentralized its operations by setting up six regional centers at Pune, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Bhopal, Guwahati and Bangalore. The head office of the UGC is located at Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg in New Delhi, with two additional bureaus operating from 35, Feroze Shah Road and the South Campus of University of Delhi as well.

7-UGC Mandate ,Responsibilites and Duties -
The UGC has the unique distinction of being the only grant-giving agency in the country which has been vested with two responsibilities: that of providing funds and that of coordination, determination and maintenance of standards in institutions of higher education.
Traditionally, UGC was entrusted with the task of co-ordination, formulation and maintenance of the standards of university education. To this end, it engaged itself in, among other things, framing regulations on minimum standards of education, determining standards of teaching, examination and research in universities, monitoring developments in the field of collegiate and university education, disbursing grants to universities and colleges and setting up common facilities, services and programmes for a group of universities in the form of Inter-University Centres.

The UGC`s mandate includes:
a-Promoting and coordinating university education.
b-Determining and maintaining standards of teaching, examination and research in universities.
c-Framing regulations on minimum standards of education.
d-Monitoring developments in the field of collegiate and university education; disbursing grants to the universities and colleges.
e-Serving as a vital link between the Union and state governments and institutions of higher learning.
f-Advising the Central and State governments on the measures necessary for improvement of university education.

8-The Commission shall have its own Fund; and all sums which may, from time to time, be paid to it by the Central Government and all the receipts of the Commission (including any sum
which any State Government or any other authority or person may hand over to the Commission) shall be carried to the Fund and all payments by the Commission shall be made therefrom.
All moneys belonging to the Fund shall be deposited in such banks or invested in such manner as may, subject to the approval of the Central Government, be decided by the Commission.
The Commission may spend such sums as it thinks fit for performing its functions under this Act, and such sums shall be treated as expenditure payable out of the Fund of the Commission.

9-The Commission shall prepare once every year, in such form and at such time as may be prescribed, an annual report giving a true and full account of its activities during the previous year, and copies thereof shall be forwarded to the Central Government and the Government shall cause the same to be laid before both Houses of Parliament

10-The Commission shall, as soon as may be after closing its annual accounts, prepare a statement of accounts in such form, and forward the same to the Comptroller and Auditor-General by such date, as the Central Governments may, in consultation with the Comptroller and AuditorGeneral, determine.

11-The accounts of the Commission shall be audited by the Comptroller and Auditor-General at such times and in such manner as he thinks fit. The annual accounts of the Commission together with the audit report thereon shall be forwarded to the Central Government and the Government shall cause the same to be laid before both Houses of Parliament and shall also forward a copy of the audit report to the Commission for taking suitable action on the matters arising out of the audit report.

12-If any dispute arises between the Central Government and the Commission as to whether a question is or is not a question of policy relating to national purposes, the decision of the
Central Government shall be final.

13-UGC Inspection of Universities Rules, 1960 -
The Commission may appoint a Committee, wherever or whenever necessary consisting of such persons as it may decide in each case and subject to the provision of rule 6, to examine and report on the financial needs of a University or its standards of teaching, examination and research or both 14-UGC Rules regarding Fitness of Universities
Recognition of College in Terms of Regulations, 1974 framed under the UGC Act
UGC (Fitness of Certain Universities for Grants) Rules, 1974.
UGC (Fitness of Agricultural Universities for Grants) Rules, 1975
UGC (Fitness of Institutions for Grants) Rules, 1975
UGC (Fitness of Technological Universities for Grants) Rules, 1978.
UGC (Returns of Information by Universities) Rules, 1979
UGC (Fitness of Open Universities for Grants) Rules, 1988.
Fitness for Grant – “No University to which these rules apply shall be declared to be fit to receive grants from the Central Government the University Grants Commission or any other Organisation receiving any funds from the Central Government unless the Commission is satisfied

13-In Short Important Duties of UGC
a -the final approval of the UGC is required before a lecturer is appointed in any of these colleges.
b-Fund allocation Responsibility
c-The UGC also conducts the NET, which is the name of a qualification that is essential for a person to teach in the graduation and post graduation colleges.
d-University Recognition

Photo – Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru -

Reality views by sm -

Thursday,June 28,2018

Tags – UGC Facts History Jawaharlal Nehru