14 May 2018

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Know about Ramadan When Ramadan Starts Why Fast Rules of Ramzan Fasting

Know about Ramadan When Ramadan Starts Why Fast Rules of Ramzan Fasting

The word Ramadan comes from the Arabic root ramiḍa or ar-ramaḍ, which means scorching heat or dryness.

Ramadan is the name of the ninth month of the Islamic moon calendar. It is very important because of the month that Holy Quran was sent down by the God to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
In Ramadan, all Muslims around the world must fast between dawn and sunset. Muslims don’t eat during under at that time.
Those who are fasting during Ramadan also observe the supererogatory prayer known as "Taraweeh."
Ramadan and Ramzan both are same just spelled differently and are pronounced differently.

Ramadan is also pronounced as “Ramazan”, “Ramzan”, or “Ramadhan” in India.

What is Ramadan?
Chapter 2, Verse 185, of the Quran states:
The month of Ramadan is that in which was revealed the Quran; a guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the criterion (of right and wrong). And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month, and whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, a number of other days. Allah desires for you ease; He desires not hardship for you; and that you should complete the period, and that you should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that perhaps you may be thankful.[Quran 2:185]

Ramadan is a month of generosity and charity. Muslims are encouraged to read Quran completely during the month and attend Taraveeh, which are special evening prayers during which long portions of the Quran are recited.

Ramadan is considered as the holy period as per Islam It was during the time when the first verses of the holy Quran were bestowed upon to the Prophet Mohammed, the last prophet.
The month ends with Eid ul-Fitr after a fasting period of 30 days, depending on the sightings of the moon.

During this month  All the good deeds, including the five-time daily namaz, during this period are taken into special consideration by the divine

During this month of Ramadan, Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) said, the doors of the Heaven are open and the doors of the hell are close, and the devils are chained. This helps us to see ourselves as we really are, not under the influence of unseen evils forces.

The holy book of Islam has mentioned the need and importance of donating things, grains and other needful items to the needy
It is believed that the Quran was first revealed to Muhammad during the month of Ramadan which has been referred to as the "best of times".

The first revelation was sent down on Laylat al-Qadr (The night of Power) which is one of the five odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan.

According to hadith, all holy scriptures were sent down during Ramadan. The tablets of Ibrahim, the Torah, the Psalms, the Gospel and the Quran were sent down on 1st, 6th, 12th, 13th and 24th Ramadan respectively.

Roza Fast -
Fasting the month of Ramadan was made obligatory (wājib) during the month of Sha'ban, in the second year after the Muslims migrated from Mecca to Medina.

The act of fasting is done to cleanse the soul, body and mind in service of the God.
Observing fast during Ramadan is one of the five pillars of the Islamic faith. To mark the holy deed, devotees across the world observe fast, called roza in daily terms, from dawn (Fajr) to dusk (Maghrib). They do not drink or eat anything between the dawn break and sunset.
Fasting during Ramadan is required for all Muslims from when they reach puberty, generally between the ages of 12 and 14, though some families start their children fasting at the age of 10.

Who is exempt from fasting?
1- very ill person
2-the elderly,
3-those suffering from a mental illness,
4-those who are traveling,
5- women who are pregnant, breastfeeding or menstruating.

People who are not able to do fast on time because of traveling or sickness they are suppose to do fast on a later date.

Muslims, before the beginning of the fast, start their day with sehri or suhoor, which literally translates to early-morning meal.

The fast is broken in the evening with everybody in the family sitting together to break a meal in honour of the brotherhood and unity during Iftaar.

Muslims break their fast after consuming "iftar" immediately after sunset. The fast is broken by drinking water or eating a dates while chanting prayers.

During Ramadan, Muslims wake up early morning for the pre-dawn Sehri meal renouncing food and water during the day before breaking their fasts in the evening.
The evening meals are known as Iftar.

During fasting, Muslims must abstain from eating or drinking, sex, smoking and telling lies, among other practices.

After rozas, another important deed observed is charity also called Zakaat.

The month-long fasting ends on Id-ul-Fitr celebrations.
Eid al-Fitr is the ‘festival of the breaking of the fast’ and marks the end of Ramadan each year.

When is Ramadan in India?
The beginning and end of Ramadan are determined by the lunar Islamic calendar.
In India, the very first fast of Ramadan 2018 will be observe on Thursday, 17th May 2018 So, moon crescent of Ramadan 1439 Hijri can be seen easily by naked eye in the evening of 16th May 2018 across India, it will depend on weather.
If the crescent moon is viewed on the eve of Tuesday, May 15, Muslims will observe the holy month-long festival with fasts, namaaz, zakaat, hajj and other traditional celebrations from May 16, Wednesday.

Why does Ramadan vary each year?
Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar, which is based on a lunar calendar where each month begins at the start of a new moon.
As lunar months are shorter than solar months it means the Islamic calendar does not correspond with the Gregorian calendar followed in the West.
It means Ramadan occurs around 11 days earlier each year.

The start of Ramadan also varies from country to country by about a day, depending on when the new moon is sighted.

Ramadan month lasts 29–30 days based on the visual sightings of the crescent moon, according to numerous biographical accounts compiled in the hadiths

Most Muslims fast for 11–16 hours during Ramadan. However, in polar regions, the period between dawn and sunset may exceed 22 hours in summers. For example, in 2014, Muslims in Reykjavik, Iceland, and Trondheim, Norway, fasted almost 22 hours, while Muslims in Sydney, Australia, fasted for only about 11 hours. Muslims in areas where continuous night or day is observed during Ramadan follow the fasting hours in the nearest city where fasting is observed at dawn and sunset. Alternatively, Muslims may follow Mecca time.

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Monday, May 14, 2018

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