25 November 2012

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How to Wash your hands with soap and water Importance of Hand washing with Soap

How to Wash your hands with soap and water Importance of Hand washing with Soap

Make Hand washing a habit, see that everyone learns it, and follows it

Never hesitate to tell anyone Go and wash your hands with soap not just water

Washing hands with water will remove dirt on hands but not germs
Washing hands with water and soap is perfect way towards a good health.

Around the world, a child dies every 15 seconds as a result of disease and food-borne illness caused by dirty hands.

UNICEF estimates that diarrhea kills one child every 30 seconds.
Scientific research shows that hand washing with soap prevents disease in a more straightforward and cost-effective way than any single vaccine.

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that diarrheal infections claim the lives of 1.87 million children under five each year, making diarrhea the second-most common cause of death among children under five.

A study made in Pakistan found that hand washing with soap reduced the number of pneumonia-related infections in children under five by more than 50 percent, as well as skin infection – impetigo – by 34 percent.

Research shows that hand washing with soap reduces the incidence of infections like intestinal worms, especially ascariasis and trichuriasis

Hands often act as vectors that carry disease-causing pathogens from person to person through direct contact or indirectly via surfaces and foods.

Together, soap and water form a formidable ally in efforts to combat a host of other illnesses, such as helminthes (worms), eye infections like trachoma, and skin infections like impetigo.

Hand washing can prevent the transmission of a variety of pathogens; it may be more effective than any single vaccine.

The hands transmit many germs and diseases.
Hand washing is the “single most important prevention step for reducing disease transmission

To protect the health of children as well as of the adults who come in contact with them, hands should always be washed after using the restroom and before eating or drinking.

What is Germ?

Bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi are so small that they cannot be seen with the naked eye.
 We can see them only with a microscope.
This is why they are called micro­organisms or microbes and we them as germs.

Germs or microorganisms are everywhere
They are present in the water, air, soil, on furniture, on dirty hands, etc.

Viral Diseases - Diseases that are caused by viruses are called viral diseases. Flu or influenza, common cold, viral fever, smallpox, polio, etc., are viral diseases.

Bacterial diseases - Typhoid, tuberculosis, and cholera are caused by bacteria and are called bacterial diseases.

Malaria and diarrhea are caused by protozoa and fungi cause diseases like ringworm.

To reduce Diarrhea one needs to wash hands properly

For keeping good health, washing hands is very important and teaching kids to wash hands is very important.

If you will not wash your hands, I am sure your kids will do the same as kids follow the parents.

Human feces are the main source of diarrheal pathogens.
They are the source of shigellosis, typhoid, cholera, all other common endemic gastro-enteric infections, and some respiratory infections such as influenza and pneumonia.

A single gram of human feces can contain 10 million viruses and one million bacteria.

These pathogens are passed from an infected host to a new one via various routes but all of these illnesses emanate from feces.

Removing excreta and cleaning hands with soap after contact with fecal material –from using the toilet or cleaning a child – prevents the transmission of the bacteria, viruses, and protozoa that cause diarrheal diseases.

How to wash your hands with soap and water

Use soap and warm, running water.

Keep fingers pointing down.

Rub hands vigorously for 20 seconds. Wash all surfaces:

Backs of hands


Between fingers

Tips of fingers


Under fingernails

Dry vigorously with paper or clean cloth towel.

Turn off faucet with towel and open door with towel

How it works:

The soap suspends the dirt and soils

The friction motion helps pull dirt and greasy or oily soils free from the skin.

Warm running water washes away suspended dirt and soils that trap germs.

Final friction of wiping hands removes more germs

How to clean your hands with  alcohol-based hand rub:

 Apply a dime-sized amount of hand rub gel to the palm of one hand Or use  alcohol- based hand rub wipe.
Rub hands together covering all surfaces of hands and fingers until hand rub is absorbed.

How they work:

 Act quickly to kill microorganisms  Reduce bacterial counts on hands

Wash your hands with soap and water when your hands are visibly soiled.

If soap and water is not available, use alcohol-based hand rub (wipes or gel)

Suggested Reading -

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Reality views by sm –

Sunday, November 25, 2012

Tags – Hand Washing Importance How to wash Hands


virendra sharma November 25, 2012  

This is an article of topical interest very neatly written full of loads of useful information ,preventive medicine is hand washing .keep writing more of such posts.Thanks SM .Very good job buddy .

MEcoy November 25, 2012  

i worked at a fast food chain and we have thought and required to do wash our hands evrytime and we are instructed to sing happy birthday song while washing for us to maximize the required time for wadhing hands

Destination Infinity November 25, 2012  

I guess we can also use dettol hand wash for the same :)

Useful article.

Destination Infinity

SM November 25, 2012  

@Destination Infinity

yes we can use dettol hand wash also