23 March 2011

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Read the Historical Letters written by Bhagat Singh, BK Dutt – 23 March is Shaheed Divas

Read the Historical Letters written by Bhagat Singh, BK Dutt – 23 March is Shaheed Divas

On June 12, 1929 Bhagat Singh and BK Dutt both were convicted by court under
Section 307 of the Indian Penal Code and under the Explosives Act.

Still we are using same Indian Penal Code.

Trial Court, then Sessions Court convicted them.
Then their appeal in the Punjab High Court at Lahore was dismissed by a two-judge bench on 13 January 1930 though the court acknowledged Singh to be ‘a sincere revolutionary’.

Up to 14 June 1929, Bhagat Singh and Dutt both were given facilities of reading and good food.
But after their conviction both were transferred to Mianwali and Lahore jails of Punjab as ordinary criminal convicts and their facilities were withdrawn.

Pay attention – They got treatment of ordinary criminal , Even no other political party including congress thought on this point Ordinary Criminal not a Political Prisoner.

Bhagat Singh was hanged to death on March 23, 1931.
Singh was hanged an hour ahead of the official time
Bhagat Singh was secretly cremated on the banks of the river Sutlej by jail authorities

March 23 is marked as his martyrdom day.

He wrote a 404 page diary between September 1929 till the day before he was hung on March 23 1931

Quoting the American poet Charlotte Perkins' he criticized child labor.

Bhagat Singh also supported gender equality way ahead of his times.
In his diary, he called marriage without equality a form of bonded labour even a legal form of prostitution

Bhagat Singh said that “They may kill me, but they cannot kill my ideas. They can crush my body, but they will not be able to crush my spirit.”

Bhagat Singh gave the phrase 'Inquilab Zindabad'

When top Indian Leaders went to Jail British Government gave them excellent treatment. They were always treated with special privileges inside jail.
Today also we have same policy in India.

From First Day in Jail they started indefinite hunger strike as they were treated as ordinary criminals not Political Prisoners.

Bhagat and Dutt both were separated by jail authorities, then Bhagat wrote a letter to
IG Prisons, Punjab.
On the same day, he also informed the IG he was on hunger strike for certain demands
Important demand was that he should be given status of Political Prisoner.

After few days when Bhagat was brought in a Jail on stretcher other accused, his friends saw his bad condition and they also joined the hunger strike.

Thus Media started to report this matter, then after 10 July Congress Party also took interest.

A jail inquiry committee and a jail reform committee were formed.
After this British Officials accepted few demands.
All the revolutionaries except Jatin Das suspended their hunger strike on 2 September 1929. Condition of Das was not good.
Das died after Hunger strike of 63 days.

Bhagat Singh continued his hunger strike till 4 October, making a record for those days of 112 days fast in jail.

British officers agreed but later again Bhagat has to do hunger strike for 15 days in February 1930

Third Hunger Strike of Bhagat Singh –
Singh’s third hunger strike in July-August 1930 was not known until recently when a few of his letters were displayed by the Supreme Court in an exhibition in September 2007.

British Government did not give them status of Political Prisoner.

Below are the 3 Historical Letters written by Bhagat Singh, Dutt and Suerintendent

Letter written by Superintendent of the Mianwali jail to Bhagat Singh
Below are the letters –

The Inspector General
Punjab Jails, Lahore
Through Superintendent, District Jail, Mianwali
Dear Sir,
I have been sentenced to life imprisonment in connection with the Assembly Bomb Case, Delhi, and am obviously a political prisoner. We got special diet in the Delhi Jail but since my arrival here, I am being treated as an ordinary criminal. Therefore, I have gone on hunger strike since the morning of 15 June 1929. My weight has decreased by 6 lbs. than my weight at Delhi Jail in these two or three days. I wish to bring to your kind attention that I must get special treatment as a Political Prisoner.
My demands being
1. Special diet (Including milk and ghee, rice and curd, etc.)
2. No forcible labour
3. Toilet (soap, oil, shaving, etc.)
4. Literature of all kinds (History, Economics, Political Science, Science, Poetry, drama or fiction, newspapers) I hope you will very kindly consider what I have said and decide favourably.
17th June 1929 Yours
Sd./ Bhagat Singh
Life Prisoner, Mianwali Jail

Mr. Bhagat Singh, Transportation Prisoner
Ref. Your petition dated 17.6.1929 regarding your treatment as a Political Prisoner
1. There is no Class of ‘Political Prisoner’ as such. You could be treated as a State Prisoner or as a Special Class prisoner. What class do you think you are entitled to?
2. What privileges did you enjoy at Delhi Jail? Were such privileges given during your undertrial period or after conviction?
3. What do you mean by forcible labour?
4. Did you make any request for special treatment to the committing Court and if so, what order was passed on the same?
5. You ought to realise that refusal to take food is an offence under jail regulations and as such is in itself a ground for rejection of your petition. I should advise you to respect the law and then make any reasonable request you choose.
Please reply overleaf and return.
M Abbas
Superintendent District Jail

The Superintendent
District Jail, Mianwali

Dear Sir,
With reference to the inquiries you have made as regards my application, I would like to say:-

1. I am a political prisoner. I do not know what privileges the Special Class prisoners enjoy. As a right I would like to say that we ought to be treated as State prisoners. But the very term ‘State-Prisoner’ might seem to be too much. Hence I say I must be treated specially, meaning I must get special diet, as I used to get at Delhi jail, both as an undertrial and for two days after my conviction. Along with that, I want freedom to study literature. Because we are convicted for our ideas, and are generally called ‘misguided’ or so. Hence we must get a chance to study and form sober opinions, and views. Anyway, books on subjects like History and Economics, we must be allowed to get without restrictions as they are allowed to Special Class prisoners.
2. In Delhi Jail we got special diet and literature both as undertrial and after conviction.

3. Forcible labour means that we political prisoners must not be forced to do labour as a part of punishment. We might do the labour at our will

4. I did not feel the necessity of asking the judge for special rights or privileges, as we already enjoyed there.

5. Well, as regards your fifth question, I would simply like to request that I am asking for rights which we as political prisoners, are entitled to. Any law that will violate our rights cannot be supposed to be respected by us. I do not want to begin any quarrel without reason. I think I have made the most reasonable demands. And if my behaviour so far, which I think is most reasonable, indicates that I have trespassed any law, then I am sorry to say, I cannot help and I am prepared for any hardships I may have to bear for the same.

I request you to kindly consider what I have said without bearing any sort of prejudice in mind, and do the needful.

Lahore, Through Superintendent


Bhagat Singh
Prisoner no. 1119
Bhagat Singh and BK Dutt’s letter to the Home Member, Government of India, 24 June 1929
Central Jail
We, Bhagat Singh and BK Dutt, were sentenced to life transportation in the Assembly Bomb Case, Delhi. As long as we were undertrial prisoners in Delhi Jail, we were accorded very good treatment from that jail to the Mianwali and Lahore Central Jails respectively. We wrote an application to the higher authorities asking for better diet and a few other facilities, and refused to take the jail diet.
Our demands were as follows:
We, as political prisoners, should be given better diet and the standard of our diet should at least be the same as that of European prisoners. (It is not the sameness of dietary that we demand, but the sameness of standard of diet.)
We shall not be forced to do any hard and undignified labours at all.
All books, other than those proscribed, along with writing materials, should be allowed to us without any restriction.
At least one standard daily paper should be supplied to every political prisoner.
Political prisoners should have a special ward of their own in every jail, provided with all necessities as those of the Europeans. And all the political prisoners in one jail must be kept together in that ward.
Toilet necessities should be supplied.
Better clothing.
We have explained above the demands that we made. They are the most reasonable demands. The jail authorities told us one day that the higher authorities have refused to comply with our demands. Apart from that, they handle us roughly while feeding us artificially, and Singh was lying quite senseless on 10 July, 1929 for about 15 minutes after the forcible feeding, which we request to be stopped without any further delay.
In addition, we may be permitted to refer to the recommendations made in the UP Jail Committee by Pt. Jagat Narain and KB Hafiz Hidayat Hussain. They have recommended the political prisoners to be treated as ‘Better Class Prisoners’.
We request you to kindly consider our demands at your earliest convenience.
By ‘Political Prisoners’, we mean all those people who are convicted for offences against the State, for instance the people who were convicted in the Lahore Conspiracy Cases, 1915-17, the Kakori Conspiracy Cases and Sedition Cases in general.
Bhagat Singh
B K Dutt
Reality Views by sm –
Wednesday, March 23, 2011

Source - http://www.tehelka.com/

Keywords Tag – Bhagat Singh, Shaheed Day, Historical Letters Written by Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh Hunger strike


Shilpi March 23, 2011  

That is so very much informative..i also did not know about Bhagat Singh's third hunger strike..
and I really salute these martyrs on Shaheedi diwas.. :)


Bikram March 23, 2011  

THey were the MEN, of who we all SHOULD be proud of , I hope we all spent at least a second thinking fo these people who gabe there life laughing for US.

BHagat singh was very intelligent if only gandhi had saved him although i doubt if Bhagat singh would have accepted it , but if only he had survived a few more years the history of out nation would have been so different ,.. as history tell us the whole nation at that time was with bhagat singh and his comrades and Congress was just another party

He held more influence then anyone but for the petty politics .. If only IF ONLY he had survied just a few more years...


SM March 23, 2011  


SM March 23, 2011  

If only IF ONLY he had survied just a few more years...

Rakesh Kumar March 23, 2011  

Excellent! congratulations for furnishing before
us such invaluable documents.Many many salutes to them.

SM March 23, 2011  

Rakesh Kumar,,

Amrit March 23, 2011  


Very good post. Informative and full of facts.

hunaid_bhai@yahoo.com,  February 25, 2013  

These are very intresting letters and it kindle light in our soul for the freedom.We in Pakistan celebrate this day a Pakistan Day ,but now we must remember that we owe our freedom to few of these historical persons.

Unknown June 19, 2014  

Thanks for information by knowing the fact during the freedom struggle of each freedom fighter.we shall be grateful to them for ever

Tariq Amir December 26, 2018  

I am from Pakistan and a fan of Bhagat Singh. A few years ago I had had the privilege of visiting his birthplace, near Faisalabad. You can find the details at the following link:


In addition to the above I recently found handwritten letters of Bhagat Singh, which are mentioned above. I shall be glad to share with anyone interested. You can reach me at: