27 April 2010

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Question from Arjun - How Can I Join NDA?

Question from Arjun - How Can I Join NDA?
Arjun asked me the following question on my post regarding NDA ,
“Hi I m Kush from deli my date of birth is 21/9/1996 i am in 9th i want to join NDA for our nation pls help me how can i join?”

Reality Views by sm –

I hope you will be satisfied with this article, thanks for asking the question.

Congrats for thinking about this at the right time and right age.

Currently you are studying in 9th standard so you have to wait for next 2 years,
But you should know about the exam and start the preparation from 9th standard only,
I am here giving you more details so you will know which subjects you need to master to pass the NDA exam.

To Join NDA - Remember minimum qualification required is 12th standard pass.

Currently if possible learn the swimming, horse riding and if both not possible then do the running and train yourself with the bicycle
You can join the Gym also.
You have to become mentally as well as physically strong.

Minimum required qualification to join NDA is as follows –

Age 16 and half and maximum is 19 years.

Education –
To join Army wing of the NDA you must have passed the 12th standard.

To Join Air force and Navy wing of the NDA, You must pass the 12th standard with Physics and mathematics.

Recommended is take admission in 11th science , you may want to join army but still I will suggest you , take the admission to the 11th science and 12th science ,
this way road to all the 3 branches will be open for you. That is army, air force and navy,

If you will take the admission to the commerce side, you will not be able to join Air force or Navy wing of the NDA in future.

It is always better to keep all the options open.

While studying in 12th standard also one can give the NDA exam but later you have to show the passing certificate of 12th standard.

You can not apply to Join NDA while studying in the 11th standard.

Make the habit to read employment news paper to check these advertisements or at least read the times of India.

NDA application forms are normally available in post office I am here giving you Delhi address.
Delhi GPO, New Delhi , Indra Prastha , Ramesh Nagar, Sarojini Nagar, Lodi Road , Krishna Nagar , Ashok Vihar , Parliament street , etc.

Syllabus of NDA Examination

Paper-1. Mathematics (300 Marks.)

1). Algebra:

Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams. De Morgan laws. Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers - basic properties, modulus, argument, and cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in
Decimal system to binary system and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic
Progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear in equations of
Two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its
Application. Logarithms and their applications.

2). Matrices and Determinants:
Types of matrices, operations on matrices Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of
Determinant. Ad joint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications - Solution of a system
Of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer's rule and by Matrix Method.

Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometrically ratios.
Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles.
Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications - Height and distance, properties of

4).Analytical Geometry of two and three dimensions:
Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various
Forms. Angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a in
Standard and in general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola.
Eccentricity and axis of a conic.
Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and
Direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle between two lines
And angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.

5).Differential Calculus:
Concept of a real valued function - domain, range and graph of a function. Composite
Functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits -
Examples. Continuity of functions - examples, algebraic operations on continuous
Functions. Derivative of a function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of
A derivative - applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions,
Derivative of a function with respect of another function, derivative of a composite
Function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of
Derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.

6).Integral Calculus and Differential equations:
Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts,
Standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and
Hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals - determination of areas of plane
Regions bounded by curves - applications. Definition of order and degree of a differential
Equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular
Solution of a differential equation, solution of first order and first degree differential
Equations of various types - examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.

7).Vector Algebra:
Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null
Vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of vector, scalar product or dot product
Of two-vectors. Vector product and cross product of two vectors. Applications-work done
By a force and moment of a force, and in geometrical problems.

8).Statistics and Probability:
Statistics: Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency
Distribution - examples Graphical representation - Histogram, Pie Chart, Frequency
Polygon - examples. Measures of Central tendency - mean, median and mode. Variance
And standard deviation - determination and comparison. Correlation and regression.
Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events,
Mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and
Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of
Probability - classical and statistical - examples. Elementary theorems on probability -
Simple problems. Conditional probability, Bays' theorem - simple problems. Random
Variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random
Experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.

Syllabus of NDA Examination Paper-2. General Ability Test: 600 Marks:

There are two parts in this paper:

Part ‘A’ - ENGLISH (200 Marks) & Part ‘B’ – General Ability (400 Marks)

Syllabus of ENGLISH paper:
The syllabus covers various aspects like: Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.
Syllabus of General Ability paper:
The question paper on General Ability broadly covers the subjects: Physics, Chemistry,
General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events.

Syllabus of GK paper Section ‘A’ (Physics): Aprox. 100 marks.
Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific
Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer.
Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and
Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation,
Elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy.
Effects of Heat, Measurement of temperature and heat, change of State and Latent Heat,
Modes of transference of Heat.
Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments.
Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses.
Human Eye.
Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet.
Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple
Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of
Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays.
General Principles in the working of the following:
Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer,
Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope,
Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses.

Syllabus of GK paper Section ‘B’ (Chemistry): Aprox. 60 marks.
Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae
And simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems).
Properties of Air and Water.
Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide, Oxidation
And Reduction.
Acids, bases and salts.
Carbon - different forms.
Fertilizers - Natural and Artificial
Material used in the preparation of substances like soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement,
Paints, Safety Matches, and Gun-Powder.
Elementary ideas about the Structure of Atom, Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular
Weights, Valency.

Syllabus of GK paper Section ‘C’ (General Science): Aprox. 40 marks.
Difference between the living and non- living.
Basis of Life - Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues.
Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals.
Elementary knowledge of human Body and its important organs.
Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.
Food - Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet.
The Solar System - Meteors and Comets, Eclipses.
Achievements of Eminent Scientists.

Syllabus of GK paper Section ‘D’ (History, Freedom Movement etc.) Aprox. 80 marks.
A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilization.
Freedom Movement in India.
Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration.
Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India.
Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development.
Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of
Mahatma Gandhi.
Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of
American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian
Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United
Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy. Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the
present world.

Syllabus of GK paper Section ‘E’ (Geography) Aprox. 80 marks.
The Earth, its shape and size. Latitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International
Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects.
Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering - Mechanical and Chemical,
Earthquakes and volcanoes.
Ocean Currents and Tides
Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary
Winds, cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of
Climate. Major Natural regions of the World.
Regional Geography of India - Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources;
location and distribution of agricultural and industrial activities.
Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports
and Exports of India.

Syllabus of GK paper Section ‘F’ (Current Events): Aprox. 40 marks.
Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years.
Current important world events.
Prominent personalities - both Indian and International including those connected with
cultural activities and sports.

SSB Interview (Intelligence and personality test):
After qualifying in above written test, you have to appear in the SSB Interview for 900
marks with details as given below:
In SSB interview, the candidates will be put to Intelligence Tests both verbal and
non-verbal, designed to assess their basic intelligence.
They will also be put to Group Tests such as group discussions, group planning, outdoor group tasks, and asked to give brief lectures on specified subjects. All these tests are intended to judge the mental caliber of a candidate.
In broad terms, this is really an assessment of not only his
intellectual qualities but also his social traits and interests in current affairs.

NDA exam – First you have to pass the written exam taken by the UPSC, After that you will get the call for 2nd test that is interview which is taken by the SSB.

In short again about the NDA written exam –
There are two papers in NDA written test and both are objective type (multiple choice)
question paper:
Paper-1. Mathematics: 300 Marks.
Paper-2. Part ‘A’ English: 200 Marks. Part ‘B’ General Ability: 400 Marks.
Both of above NDA written test papers are of 2-1/2 hour’s duration each.
The Paper-2 of NDA exam, i.e. General Ability Test has six sections with the break-up of
400 marks as below:
Section ‘A’ (Physics): 100 marks.
Section ‘B’ (Chemistry): 60 marks.
Section ‘C’ (General Science): 40 marks.
Section ‘D’ (History, Freedom Movement etc.): 80 marks.
Section ‘E’ (Geography): 80 marks.
Section ‘F’ (Current Events): 40 marks.
Each question in both the paper has four answer options, from which you need to select
the correct option and mark it in the answer sheet by darkening the circle for the option
completely with a pencil.

Suggested Reading -
Know How to Join Indian Air Force - Career Opportunities in IAF – Complete Details

How To Join NDA – National Defence Academy –


Anonymous,  July 07, 2011  

sir i want join army i am in 10th standard but my brother told me that i am suffering from knock knees is there any kind of criteria like that sir please tell me because i love army & if it can be cured tell me the way i will work very hard on it please sir its my dream to become an army officer DEVANSH AGGARWAL

Pruthviraj suryawanshi,  December 10, 2011  

sir , now i am doing diploma in mechanical engg. And i want to join navy . Plz give me advice