06 January 2011

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Last Part 3 – Know and Understand Complete Justice B.N. Srikrishna Committee report on Telangana –

Last Part 3 – Know and Understand CompleteJustice B.N. Srikrishna Committee report on Telangana –

Officers committee identified the anomalies in Government employment between 1975 and 1985 which were in violation of the Presidential Order and recommended measures to rectify the same.

Following the Committee’s report, the Government, thereafter, appointed
a One-Man Commission headed by V. Sundaresan, another (Retd.) IAS officer of
the state government, to further examine the violations in the implementation of
the Six Point Formula and to suggest corrective step taking into consideration the
report of the Officer’s Committee.

On the basis of the recommendations of both these Committees, and after having wide ranging discussions, the state Government entered into an agreement with the Telangana Non-Gazetted Officers Union on 07.12.1985 and issued orders in the form of G.O.Ms. No.610 (SPF) on December 30, 1985, for the rectification of irregularities in t

During the next 15 years after the issue of G.O.610, the Government is reported
to have been receiving representations regarding rectification of lapses in the
implementation of the Six Point Formula insofar as it related to public services.

The matter was discussed in an All-Party meeting held on 15.6.2001, and a One-
Man Commission (Six Point Formula) was constituted on 25.06.2001, under J.M.
Girglani, IAS (Retd.).
The Girglani Commission submitted its final report on
30.9.2004 with 126 findings and suggested 35 remedial measures.
the Report was finally accepted by the Government on 10.08.2006.

implementation of G.O. 610 during 1985 to 2005 was, at best, tardy, which remains a grievance of Telangana employees.

The formation of united Andhra Pradesh was premised on the all-
inclusive Telugu “sub-nationalism”.

In the meanwhile, the state during the last 30 years also witnessed
the growth of Naxalism in a major way.

Reportedly, different political parties did seek the support of
the naxals at election time during this period.

It will be recalled that the BJP, in its national executive meeting at
Kakinada (Andhra Pradesh) in 1997, had passed a resolution supporting a
separate state for Telangana. Accordingly, in the 1998 Lok Sabha elections, BJP
gave the slogan “One Vote, Two States”.
It received more votes in the Telangana region.

MLAs of the Congress from Telangana region had also started a regional forum
called Telangana Congress Legislators Forum (TCLF) with the consent of the
state leadership.
In the panchayat election in Telangana region, the slogan of
TCLF was “Jai Congress, Jai Telangana”.

coming of the TRS and the position on Telangana taken by the BJP, the state unit of the Congress Party had also projected Telangana cause under the aegis of “Telangana Congress Legislators Forum (TCLF)” in the panchayat election in 2001.
It was reported that at that time 41 MLAs belonging to the Congress from Telangana region had urged the Congress President, Smt. Sonia Gandhi, to permit them to take up the “movement” for a separate state of Telangana.

leaders of the Congress Forum for Telangana and the TCLF passed a resolution
at Nalgonda in December, 2002, assuring the people that a separate statehood
for Telangana was very much on the agenda of the Congress and it would strive
to creat a separate Telangana soon.

In the run-up to the 2004 Lok Sabha and Assembly elections, the
Congress and the TRS formed an electoral alliance.
In the Congress election manifesto for 2004 elections, it was stated that “the Congress Party recognizes the growing emotions and aspirations of the people in the Telangana region”. It was further added in the manifesto that „while respecting the report of the
States” Reorganization Commission, the Congress Party notes that there are many
valid reasons for formation of separate states in Vidarbha and Telangana.

The Congress won both the Lok Sabha and the State Assembly
elections and formed Governments at the Centre as well as in the state.
The TRS also joined the Government, both at the Centre and in the state.
The UPA in their National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP), 2004, of the Government included the Telangana issue also stating that “The UPA Government will consider the demand for the formation of a Telangana state at an appropriate time after due consideration and consensus”.

The UPA Government accordingly constituted a three-Member
Committee of the Cabinet Ministers under the Chairmanship of Shri Pranab
Mukherjee in November, 2004 with Dr. Raghuvansh Prasad Singh and Shri
Dayanidhi Maran as Members.
The Committee did take up this matter further, but no conclusion seems to have been arrived at.

On the reported grounds that the Central Government had been
indecisive over the delivery of its electoral promise to the TRS for creating a
separate Telangana TRS in September, 2006 withdrew support to the Congress-led UPA Government at the Centre.

On January 31, 2009, before the State Assembly elections, Shri
K.Chandrasekhara Rao, President, TRS announced that TRS had joined the
„Mahakutami‟ (grand alliance). The grand alliance was headed by Telugu Desam
Party and included the Third Front and the Left parties.

during the NDA regime up to 2004 BJP did not solve this problem.

Soon after the 2009 Assembly elections, TRS left Mahakutami and tied up with the BJP, the alliance which exists even at present.

congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA-2) again formed the Government at the Centre. It may be relevant to mention here that unlike the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP) of UPA-1, the NCMP of UPA-2 did not make any mention of the Telangana issue.

On November 9, 2009, the TRS president Chandrasekhar Rao wrote to the President of India about his intention to go on fast-unto-death in order to fulfil the hopes and aspirations of the people of Telangana for a separate state.

TRS President, K. Chandrasekhara Rao started his fast-unto-
death on November 29, 2009 demanding that the Central Government should
introduce the Telangana Bill in Parliament.

December –
a Joint Action Committee (JAC) was formed by the students of Osmania and Kakatiya universities.
The JAC started seriously agitating for the cause of a separate Telangana, demanding an assurance for the same.

During this period, reportedly over five thousand persons were
taken into preventive custody with a view to bringing the law and order situation
created by the agitations under control.

December 7, 2009 –
all political parties, except CPI (M), were in favour of a proposal to adopt a resolution in the State Assembly for creation of a separate Telangana.

Union Home Minister, P.Chidambaram in the late evening of December 9, 2009 at New Delhi announced the decision of the Central Government to initiate the process of forming the state of Telangana, adding that an appropriate resolution would be moved in the State Assembly.

Based on this development TRS President, Chandrasekhara Rao gave up his fast
and the agitation was called off.

The above announcement, however, created a backlash in coastal
Andhra and Rayalaseema regions, resulting in agitations and eruption of violence
in many districts.

Then again congress party changed the view. this led to ending of agitations in coastal
Andhra and Rayalaseema regions, agitations restarted in Telangana region due
to the perceived change in the stand of the Government of India.

At this point, reportedly sixty three MLAs belonging to Telangana region (Congress – thirteen; TDP – thirty seven; TRS – ten; BJP –one; PRP –two) submitted their resignation.

On December 30, 2009, a bandh was called by the Telangana Joint Action
Committee (TJAC) paralysing the entire region.

the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) neither responded to the Committee‟s request to provide their inputs nor joined in the deliberations with the Committee.
Here committee means Sri Krishna committee

Andhra Pradesh (AP) is one of the largest states of India. Spread
over 275 thousand square kilometers, it hosts a population of over 90 million.

Andhra Pradesh has a total geographical area of 2,75,100 square
kilometers with a coastline of 960 kms running from Ichapuram in the north to
Srikakulam District to Pulicat Lake in the south in Nellore district.

The state is divided into three prominent regions based on both
historical and geo-physical factors, namely, Telangana, coastal Andhra and
Rayalaseema comprising ten, nine and four districts each and hosting
population shares of 40.6%, 41.6% and 17.6% respectively. Hyderabad city,
which falls within the Telangana region

level of urbanization is rather
low in all regions – Telangana (22%) and 25 % in coastal Andhra and 23%

Hyderabad district which is fully urbanized has grown
at the cost of all the three regions and is now central to the economies of the
three regions in Andhra Pradesh.

Telangana region has experienced unprecedented growth from 1993-94 onwards
absolute levels of income between regions do not differ much from a national perspective.

Telangana receives relatively lower amounts of FDI is chiefly due to the concentration of investments in Hyderabad city.

Overall, in spite of 50 plus years of policy protected planning and
execution, one finds regional variations in the economic development of AP.

An understanding of the perspective of the Telangana issue within a poverty,
deprivation and empowerment framework does not compulsorily support
partitioning of the state.
It is a fact that most of the economic and developmental parameters show that Telangana (excluding Hyderabad) is either on par with or a shade lower than coastal Andhra; but once Hyderabad is included, the situation in Telangana is far better.
Additionally, the rate of growth of most of the parameters of development has shown robust growth in Telangana.

Due to concentration of services such as education and health facilities, and services sector employment in Hyderabad city, other parts of Telangana are under-serviced. There is an urgent need to remove these anomalies from Telangana.

There are more colleges and students in degree colleges in coastal Andhra
than in Telangana

One of the major grievances of the people of Telangana is regarding allocation and utilization of river waters.

This report mentions and compares all 3 parts regarding water, education and health things.
Which I am not mentioning here in details.

Andhra Pradesh, like any other large Indian state is heterogeneous
in its socio-cultural makeup with a diversity of castes, tribes, linguistic and
religious communities.

This committee report even talks about caste and religious wise differences area wise and population wise.
Not going into details.

The report has given 6 options they are as follows –

1) Maintain status quo. Out of the Chief Minister and Deputy Chief Minister one of them should be from Telangana.

2) Bifurcation into Seemandhra and Telangana with Hyderabad as a union territory. Both regions to have own capital in due course, the committee says.

3) Bifurcation into Rayaltelangana and coastal Andhra with Hyderabad going with Rayaltelangana.

4) Bifurcation into Telangana and Seemandhra with an enlarged Hyderabad to become a union territory.

5) Bifurcation of Seemandhra and Telangana as per existing boundary with Hyderabad becoming the capital of Telangana. Seemandhra to have its own separate capital.

6) United state providing certain constitutional measures for socio-economic and political development and formation of Telangana Regional Council.

"Committee has rejected first three options as not practical. Options four, five and six are considered by the committee as practical.

Reality views by sm –
Thursday, January 06, 2011

This report tries and proves and supports the one AP,
Seems that report does not try and find the benefits of small state.
The report shows that state division is not required.
This report does not discuss or say the benefits of small state .

Final last word – Report favors one state.

The PDF file of this report has total 683 pages.

Suggested Reading –

Part One – Know and Understand Complete Justice B.N. Srikrishna Committee report on Telangana

Part Two – Know and Understand Complete Justice B.N. Srikrishna Committee report on Telangana

India – Creation Of Small States – Need of the Hour For INDIA


Renu January 07, 2011  

The core problem everywhere is development, if they look after that, there wont be any problem, but they (Govt) listen only when there is some strike or some disturbance created.

sm,  January 07, 2011  


Swatantra January 07, 2011  

Hi the way you write makes the politics an interesting read..

sm,  January 08, 2011  

whole day i spent to read report of 683 pages.