Know 32 Facts about Indian warship INS Kamorta 90% Made in India
Facts about Indian warship Kamorta
Name - INS Kamorta (P28)
INS Kamorta (P28) is the first of four anti-submarine Kamorta-class stealth corvettes being built for the Indian Navy.
It was named after Kamorta island in Nicobar islands, India .
Just like destroyer, INS Kolkata, which Indian Prime Minister commissioned on August 16, the Kamorta is joining the fleet without several of these capabilities.
The navy says they will be added on later.
Namesake -Kamorta Islands
Operator - Indian Navy
Cost -INR28 billion (US$465 million)
Laid down -20 November 2006
Launched -19 April 2010
Acquired -12 July 2014
Commissioned -23 August 2014
Identification -Pennant number: P28
Status -in active service, as of 2014
She was designed and manufactured by GRSE ,launched on 19 April 2010, as part of Project 28, approved in 2003.
GRSE journey began in 1884, with a small factory on the Eastern Bank of river Hooghly. It was named as Garden Reach Workshop (GRW) in 1916. Later, on 19th April 1960, it was taken over by the Government of India. With diversification in engineering products the name was changed to Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd (GRSE) on 1st Jan 1977
July 12, 2014 –
India’s first fully indigenously built major warship, the anti submarine warfare (ASW) corvette - INS Kamorta -was handed over to the Indian Navy by Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd. (GRSE), in Kolkata
The significance of the sturdy warship INS Kamorta, first in its class of four ASW corvettes being built by GRSE under Project-28 (P28) for the Indian Navy,stems from the fact that it is the first Indian Naval warship ever built in the country with almost 90% of indigenous content.
INS Kamorta is also the first Naval warship built in the country with indigenously developed special grade high-tensile (DMR249A)steel produced by SAIL (Steel Authority of India). The hull of the shipencompasses the bulk of sensors and weapon systems that are also indigenously manufactured by various IndianIndustries.
The foldable hangar door fitted for the first time with a rail-less helicopter traversing system fitted -- also a noteworthy first on any Naval ship - will give helicopter operations from the corvette decks a significant edge over existing platforms of other warships.
Class & type - Kamorta-class ASW corvette
Displacement -3,500 tonnes.
Length -109.1 m
Beam -13.7 m
Propulsion -4 x Pielstick 12 PA6 STC Diesel engines
CODAD, DCNS raft mounted gearbox
Speed -32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Complement - 13 Officers and 173 Sailors
Sensors and processing systems:
Revati Central Acquisition Radar
EL/M-2221 STGR fire-control radar BEL Shikari
BEL RAWL02 (Signaal LW08) antenna communication grid - Gigabit Ethernet-based integrated ship borne data network, with a fiber optic cable backbone running through the vessel
HUMSA (Hull Mounted Sonar Array)
Bomber Electronic warfare (EW) suites - BEL Ajanta
Electronic warfare & decoys:
DESEAVER MK Kavach Sanket
• 1 X 76.2 mm Oto SRGM
• 2 x AK-630M CIWS
• 2 X RBU-6000 (IRL) anti-submarine rocket launcher
• 16x Barak SAM
• 8x 3M54 Klub
• 2x3 Torpedo tubes
• Aircraft carried - 1 Westland Sea King Mk.42B
1 Westland Sea King Mk.42B
She has enhanced stealth features such as an X Form Hull and inclined sides for low Radar cross-section, Infra-red suppression, and Acoustic quieting systems
She is the first Indian Navy ship to be built with carbon fiber reinforced plastic which reduces weight and life cycle maintenance costs.
It is the first indigenous anti-submarine corvette as well as the first indigenous stealth corvette built by India.
It is equipped with a rail-less helo traversing system which is used for handling a helicopter. It also features a foldable hangar door.
INS Kamorta will have a length of 109 m (358 ft) overall and a beam of 13.7 m (45 ft).
The ships displace about 3,500 tonnes (3,900 short tons) at full load.
It is powered by four 5,096 hp (3,800 kW) diesel engines at 1,050 rpm
It uses four Pielstick 12 PA6 STC diesel engines in CODAD configuration and is propelled two two-shaft, controllable-pitch propellers which allow the ship to reach a top speed of 32 kn (59 km/h; 37 mph).
It will have a complement of about 180 sailors and 15 officers excluding flight crew for the integral ASW helicopter and an endurance of 4,000 nmi (7,400 km; 4,600 mi).
The Kamorta is equipped with a wide range of weapon systems.
It is fitted with a OTO Melara 76 mm main gun, and uses two AK-630 guns and 16-cell VLS launched Barak 1 missiles as close-in weapon system.
In addition, it is fitted with 8 3M54 Klub multi-role missiles, 2 RBU-6000 anti-submarine rocket launchers and torpedo tubes.
It is also the first warship to be equipped with the Kavach decoy system for protection against anti-ship missiles.
The Kamorta, and three other corvettes that will follow it — Kadmatt, Kiltan and Kavaratti — are reincarnations of an earlier line of 11 Soviet-supplied Arnala-class corvettes.
The earlier INS Kamorta entered service in 1968 and provided INS Vikrant with anti-submarine protection when the aircraft carrier blockaded East Pakistan during the 1971 war. It was decommissioned in 1991.
its primary role of detecting and destroying submarines. It has not been fitted with the advanced towed array sonar (ATAS), vital for detecting submarines, especially in the warm, shallow waters of the Arabian Sea
Currently Kamorta will remain reliant on its less capable hull-mounted sonar, the indigenous HUMSA-NG Let us hope ministry of defence (MoD) is able to procure an ATAS as early as possible.
Kamorta lacks anti-submarine helicopter, for which it has a hangar and a landing deck.
The navy has just 10-12 functional Sea King 42B anti-submarine helicopters, insufficient to equip all the warships that require these.
The Sea King 42B carries a “dunking sonar”, which it lowers into the water to detect submarines from giveaway sounds; and then drops “depth charges” to destroy the submarine. The navy has been trying to buy a multi-role helicopter (MRH) for several years to boost its anti-submarine capability,
Kamorta lacks anti-missile and anti-air capability –
Its surface-to-air missile (SAM) has still not been decided and the warship has two empty canisters where SAMs will eventually be fitted. Without that long-range capability, air defence is left to a 76 millimetre super-rapid gun mount (SRGM), built by Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd, and an AK-630 multi-barrel gun that lays down a curtain of lead to destroy incoming missiles and aircraft.
Kamorta does not have a land attack missile, its capacity for shore bombardment is limited to the 76 mm SRGM. The navy, aware that this is only a light weapon, has issued a tender for a heavier 127 mm SRGM.
The key to success of an anti-submarine warship is its ability to operate silently. The Kamorta’s engine and gearbox have been mounted on a special platform to kill vibration.
Arnala class was an Indian designation for the Petya III class vessels of the Indian Navy.
Although these vessels were classified as frigates in the Soviet Navy, they were classified by the Indian Navy as anti-submarine corvettes due to their role and smaller size. Vessels of the class were named for Indian islands.
Photo of Warship Kamorta –
Watch the video Indian Navy unveils submarine hunter - INS Kamorta
Headlines Today brings you exclusive coverage from inside the navy's latest warship.
Suggested Reading –
List Names of Countries with Number of Nuclear Weapons
Reality views by sm –
Saturday, August 23, 2014
Tags – India Navy Warship Facts INS Kamorta