14 May 2011

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Facts Biography Profile of Chief Minister Jayalalithaa AIADMK Politician Actress

Short Biography of Jayalalithaa Jayaram Complete Profile of Chief Minister Jayalalithaa
AIADMK Politician and Actress



1-
Name- Jayalalithaa Jayaram Commonly known as J. Jayalalitha. Jayalalithaa’s given name was Komalavalli. but her pet name is Ammu.


2-
Education – Matriculation

3-
Date of Birth - born 24 February 1948
Died on December 5, 2016

4-
Profession – Agriculture , Actor turn Politician

5-
Place of Birth – Mysore She was born as Komalavalli in a Tamil Iyengar family. She is a native of Srirangam, Trichy. She was born in poverty. Her parents were not rich, Her father died when she was two years old.

6-
Family – Father, Mother and brother. Her father died early and She had en elder brother named as JayaKumar. He expired in early 90's Her father Jeyaram died when she was 2 years old.



Martial Status and children - unmarried.


Political Career - Member, Rajya Sabha, 1984-1989; Member, Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, 1989-1991, 1991-1996, 2002-2006; General Secretary, All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam from 1989; Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu; Now, Leader of Opposition; Leader, All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhaga Legislature Party. Won 2011 Elections

She served as MLA for the following constituencies
1989 – Bodinayakkanur.
1991 –Bargur
2002 – Andipatti
2006 – Andipatti



She is called as Amma and Puratchi Thalaivi by her followers.
Amma means Mother and Puratchi Thalaivi means Revolutionary Leader

She studied at Bishop Cotton Girls' High School in Bangalore Later she moved to Tamil Nadu and studied at Sacred Heart Matriculation School (popularly known as Church Park Presentation Convent) in Chennai.

After her matriculation she was very keen on doing law. But She dropped out of school to follow her aunt Vidyavati into films. Her mother compelled her and circumstances also force her to movies.

Jayalalithaa’s father Jayaram was an irresponsible wastrel who squandered the family fortune.
This led to her mother Vedavalli becoming a film actor to support the family.
She took on the name Sandhya. Soon she relocated to Madras.

Jayalalithaa Movies and Dance forms –
She learnt Bharatha Natyam and carnatic music and had her dance arangetram in 1960.
She is trained in classical dance (Bharata Natyam) and Carnatic Music.
She knows other dance forms also such as Mohini Attam, Kathak and Manipuri.

She has sung many songs in films.

She acted in English, Hindi, Kannada,Tamil,Telgu, Malayalam movies.

She Played 'herself' as a politician/chief minister in the movie 'Neenga Nalla Erukkanum'

1961-She acted in an English movie, Epistle released in 1961, which was produced by Shankar Giri, son of former president of India VV Giri.

Jayalalithaa has acted in more than a hundred films
“Thirumangalyam” was Jayalalithaa’s 100th film .

Jayalalithaa was one of the first heroines to don bathing costumes.
Jayalalithaa was a bombshell in bikini.

Some ministers have gone on record saying their ambition in life is to be her servant or a watchdog in her kennel

1964 –

Jayalalithaa started her career in acting.

Jayalalitha made her debut as a teenager in a Kannada film titled Chinnada Gombe (1964)

She made her Bollywood debut through Izzat, in which she was paired opposite Dharmendra.

1981 –

Jayalalithaa joined All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) political party.


That time Jayalalithaa was friend and a very close companion of M.G.Ramachandran, (popularly known as M.G.R) the late film star, leader of the AIADMK party and Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. Jayalalitha and MGR together acted in 28 Movies.

The media called her his mistress' but Jayalalitha has always called mgr her mentor. He handpicked her for films when she was just 16' and he 42' and also groomed her for politics. He is known to have kept her in his grip' even kept tabs on her films.

1984 –

First as the Secretary of the AIADMK and then Jayalalitha became Member of Parliament to the Rajya Sabha.


MGR died on December 24 1987.

1988-89 –

As a film star Jayalalitha was popular.

After death of MGR , she won the elections to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly in 1989.

She became the first Woman Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu.

1991 –

Rajiv Gandhi died on 21 May 1991.

That time Jayalalitha and congress got the alliance, killing and death of Rajiv Gandhi helped her to win the elections.

She was re-elected to the legislative assembly and became the first elected woman chief minister of Tamil Nadu, serving the full tenure (24 June 1991 - 12 May 1996)

1996 –

Corruption charges, she lost power and elections and DMK won.
Her party won just four of the 234 seats.

After her defeat in 1996, the Karunanidhi government arrested her in December 1996 on charges of corruption and Jayalalitha spent a few weeks in jail till her
release in early January 1997.

2001 –

She again won the elections and came to power.
She was chief minister of Tamil Nadu for the period of 14-05-2001 to 21-09-2001.

Year 2002 –

Jayalalitha was elected from Andipatti Assembly constituency in February 2002.

She again became the chief Minister for the period of 02-03-2002 to -12-05-2006.

Year 2006 –

Again she lost power to the DMK.

Year 2011 –

Corruption charges against DMK and Congress and People voted for Jayalalitha.

Jayalalitha again won the elections in 2011.

Jayalalithaa and Awards –

1.Degree of Doctor of Letters from Bharathidasan University in 2003

2.Degree of Doctor of Letters from Madurai Kamaraj University in 1993

3.Degree of Doctor of Literature from University of Madras in 1991

4.Degree of Doctor of Science from Dr. M.G.R Medical University in 1992

5.Degree of Doctor of Science in Tamil Nadu Agricultural University in 2003

6.She received Kalaimamani Award from Tamil Nadu Government in 1977

Jayalalithaa and Controversies
Jayalalitha and Corruption charges –

1.
December 08, 1996 - Jayalalitha Jayaram, was charged in a corruption case involving the purchase of television sets for villagers.
The police said Ms. Jayalalitha had been charged today with overruling state authorities and ordering some $2.4 million worth of excess spending on 45,302 television sets for villagers.
She denied wrongdoing, saying, ''This is nothing but political victimization.''

The television sets were provided to villagers under a government community education and entertainment plan.

Some officials had objected to the purchase price of $400 per color television set, calling it inflated. They had claimed that some of the money paid to television set makers was being returned to state officials as kickbacks

2.
April 1998 - Tansi land deal case and Jayalalitha -
The case relates to the purchase of land belonging to the state-owned small industries corporation, Tansi, at Guindy by Jaya Publications, in which Jayalalitha and her friend Sasikala were partners.

Delivering the judgment, Justice P Anbhazhagan said facts presented in the chargesheet and during arguments showed that the sale deed of the prime land at Guindy had been executed on May 29, 1992 with the dishonest intention of cheating the government.

He said at the time of the sale Jayalalitha had been the chief minister and hence, the purchase of the land by Jaya publications, in which she was a partner, was bound to attract punishment under section 169 of the Indian Penal Code. “Being a public servant, she is legally bound not to purchase properties belonging to the state government," he said.

The other accused in the case are former small scale industries minister Mohamad Asif, former Tansi chairman and managing director T R Srinivasan, former stamps collector S Nagarajan and former joint secretary to the chief minister Karpurasundara Pandian. According to the chargesheet, Jayalalitha allegedly bought the land belonging to the TNSIC at a throwaway price in utter misuse of her official position as the chief minister .

The prosecution case is that prime TANSI land at Guindy in Madras was purchased at a price lower than the prevailing market price, by Jaya Publications, Sasi Enterprises -- in which Jayalalitha and Sasikala were partners -- and RR Industries.

3.
June 6,1998 - Special judge-1 S Sambandam, trying cases of corruption during the previous All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazagham regime, had, on Thursday morning, ordered interim attachment of the properties on a petition filed by the state Directorate of Vigilance and Anti Corruption in the case relating to amassment of wealth worth Rs 660 million by Jayalalitha, which was disproportionate to her known sources of income when she was the chief minister.

4.
April 1999 - When she was arrested in 1996, press reports said that among the treasures found at her residence were 64 pounds of diamond-studded gold jewelry, thousands of saris, 750 pairs of shoes, 91 designer watches and 19 automobiles.

Three weeks ago, she was accused of beating her former accountant with a high-heeled shoe and then forcing him to sign papers that confessed full responsibility for her income tax problems. Her arrest on corruption charges was accompanied by the seizure of 64lb of diamond-studded gold jewellery, more than 10,000 saris and 750 shoes.

5.
She also attracted international attention for the lavish wedding she organized for her foster son, alleged to have cost many millions of dollars.

6.
Jayalalitha and story of her Accountant Mr. Rajasekaran. Mr Rajasekaran was Jayalalitha's accountant for 10 years, until they had a falling-out in 1997, he explained.
He said he was surprised to be summoned to her residence on Saturday, where the former Chief Minister met him along with her longtime companion, Sasikala Natarajan, and Ms. Natarajan's nephew, M. Mahadevan.'

'When Sasikala came into the room, she bolted the door from inside and took two shoes with high heels from a plastic bag,'' he said.He said the women hammered at him with the spiked shoes while Mr. Mahadevan used a stick. ''Unable to bear the pain, I cried for mercy,'' the accountant said.Reeling from the assault, Mr. Rajasekaran was then made to write and sign statements that admitted his responsibility for lapses in the two women's tax returns, he said.

In her statement, Jayalalitha called the allegations a complete lie intended to disparage her. She said she suspected that her political archrival, Tamil Nadu's current Chief Minister, Muthuvel Karunanidhi, was behind this ''sinister conspiracy.''

7.
February 10 1999 - Union Law Minister M Thambidurai today justified the Centre's gazette notification transferring corruption cases against former Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalitha and others from special judges to other judges, saying the Centre had adequate powers to effect such transfers.

8.
February 2000 – She was found in possession of more money. Corruption charges on her. Five big suitcases full of precious necklaces, rings, bangles, icons and earrings are under heavy guard. Each gemstone must be counted. One elegant waistband holds 2,389 diamonds, as well as 18 emeralds and 9 rubies.

9.
February 2, 2000 - construction of the seven-storey 'Pleasant Stay' hotel in Kodaikanal, flouting norms - The prosecution's case was that Jayalalitha, Selvaganapathy and Pandey had granted permission to the hotel to construct a seven-storeyed structure at Blue Ville in the tourist resort town of Kodaikanal in violation of building rules.

Former Tamil Nadu chief minister and All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam general secretary J Jayalalitha and four of her colleagues have been sentenced to one year's rigorous imprisonment on charges of corruption in the Pleasant Stay Hotel case. Special Judge-2 V Radhakrishnan convicted and sentenced Jayalalitha and her colleagues for having favoured the owner of the hotel in return of monetary considerations when she was ruling Tamil Nadu from 1991-96.

10.
The Madras high court today suspended the execution of the order passed by a special judge convicting former Tamil Nadu chief minister J Jayalalitha and sentencing her to a year's rigorous imprisonment in the Pleasant Stay Hotel corruption case and granted her bail.


11.
1999 - Rs 7 billion coal import scam case. - multi-million-rupee coal import deal scandal in which All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam general secretary and former Tamil Nadu chief minister J Jayalalitha was the prime accused.

The case, relating to import of coal by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board during Jayalalitha's tenure as chief minister Justice Kadri said in this case, the offence is said to have taken place in 1993-94.

The charge-sheet was filed on April 2, 1997, and the trial court took cognisance of it in the last quarter of 1997. the accused had entered into a criminal conspiracy in 1992 to ensure excess payment of Rs 37.5 million to the five coal suppliers --- Sintax International of Perth, the New York-based Energy Trading Corporation and Hawley Fuel Trading, Counter Corporation Trading of Singapore and Prime Comexindo of Jakarta.This was because coal was imported through the five firms at a cost of $ 40 per tonne as against the initial price offer of $ 35.24 made by Prime Comexindo.

12.
May 1999 - Two of the three special judges, trying corruption cases against All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazagham chief and former Tamil Nadu chief minister J Jayalalitha and others, have received letters threatening them of dire consequences if they proceed against her.The letters in Tamil were signed by one 'Unmai Vilambi' (one who speaks the truth) In all, 46 corruption cases are to be tried by the three special judges against Jayalalitha and her erstwhile cabinet colleagues besides some bureaucrats.


13.
April 2001 – Election Commission of India filed case against Jayalalitha. in Chennai for filing of nomination papers by her from four constituencies during the April 2001 assembly elections. as per the Representation of the People Act, 1951, a candidate is entitled to contest elections on a maximum of two seats at a time.

Jayalalitha had filed nomination papers to fight elections from four assembly seats - Andipatti, Krishnagiri, Bhuvanagiri and Pudukotti - and made allegedly false declaration to the returning officer that she was contesting from only two constituencies.

14.
September 22, 2001 - The Supreme Court ruled that the appointment of Jayalalitha Jayaram as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu State in May violated the Constitution.

The reason, the judges said, was her disqualification from running for office after being found guilty of abusing her power as chief minister in the early 1990's to buy state-owned property at a price far below the market value.


15.
December 5,2001 - The Madras High Court overturned two corruption convictions of Jayaram Jayalalitha.

She was sentenced to prison last year on charges stemming from a previous term as chief minister.
She served no time while her case was under appeal but was forced to resign in September after the Supreme Court ruled her appointment as chief minister unconstitutional because of her convictions.

16.
The Supreme Court today dealt a severe blow to the political career of the AIADMK chief, Ms. Jayalalithaa, by quashing her appointment as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu by the then Governor, Ms. Fathima Beevi, on May 14.A five-judge Constitution Bench, in a unanimous verdict of 5-0, held ``a person who is convicted for a criminal offence and sentenced to imprisonment for a period of not less than two years cannot be appointed the Chief Minister of a State under Article 164 (1) read with (4) and cannot continue to function as such.'' In effect, the court rejected the argument that a popular mandate - or the `will' of the people - could override the Constitution. The Bench observed that it was not impressed by the submission that the court should not issue a quo warranto as the six-month period, allowed by Article 164 (4), would expire in about two months and it was possible for Ms. Jayalalithaa to succeed in the criminal appeals (in the TANSI cases) filed by her in the Madras High Court. ``We take the view that the appointment of a person to the office of Chief Minister who is not qualified to hold it should be struck down at the earliest.'' The Bench did not accept the contention that once a sentence was stayed by the High Court and an appeal was pending, the conviction would not operate and Ms. Jayalalithaa suffered no disqualification, and said ``conviction and sentence it carries operate against the accused in all their rigour until set aside in appeal, and a disqualification that attaches to the conviction and sentence applies as well.''


In Short Jayalalitha was also accused of doing every type of corruption which Raja or Kalmadi or adarsh politicians did.

1.Selling Government property in cheap

2.Purchase by paying more

3.Personal gains in contracts

4.Accused in 46 cases


Updated on Saturday, September 27, 2014

Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa has been found guilty in an 18-year-old corruption case.
Now a court in Bangalore convicted on Saturday Tamil Nadu chief minister J Jayalalithaa in connection Disproportionate assets case under Prevention of Corruption Act

The court also found her associate Sasikala Natarajan and three others guilty in the case.


TN CM Jayalalithaa convicted sentenced for 4 Years in DA case
Four Years Jail 100 Crore Fine for TN CM Jayalalithaa in DA Case 


Keyword Tag – Biography AIADMK, Autobiography J. Jayalalithaa Corruption Jail


Sources –
http://en.wikipedia.org
http://news.bbc.co.uk
http://www.nytimes.com
http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu
UNI


10 comments:

Insignia May 14, 2011  

Rags to riches/power/fame story!

sm,  May 14, 2011  

Insignia,,
thanks.

chitra May 16, 2011  

I do not know what to say. I just sat gaping after reading the post.

sm,  May 16, 2011  

chitra,,
thanks.

Anonymous,  April 01, 2012  

Need a Property values of All Indian Political Leaders and their Family Members - Year wise. Then only people will know how these politicans are corrupt. Need Severe punishment for corruption like hang.
- Sivan

abhishek sampath September 11, 2012  

one of the most determined and courageous lady the world has seen

Anonymous,  September 30, 2012  

I appreciate the Bold decisions taken by Amma and I request her to show a model to other states to implement atleast 50% grant at first for the Aided colleges with self finance, with two salaries. All do the same work under the same roof but get a step motherly treatment, though "EQUAL Wage for Equal Work" is our basic constitutinal right. Please mam consider this plight atleast for teachers who joined upt 2000.
Thank you

Anonymous,  January 08, 2016  

Amma is largely credited with the 15% overhead. You are required to pay 15% as bribe for every State Govt deals. It is during her tenure that the "art" of fixing the prices in a Tender. Other parties are appeared to have taken the "best practice" when they get in rule in respective states!

Observe the silence in filing an appeal in the wealth case that blatantly threw out all arguments by a "Honest Judge". Wonder how many of those diamonds were traded.