Know 15 Facts Short Biography of President APJ Abdul Kalam
Name, Born –
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
He has been popularly tagged as the “Missile Man of India”.
Born on 15 October 1931
Rameswaram, Ramanathapuram District, Madras Presidency, British India
(Now in Tamil Nadu, India)
Died 27 July 2015 (aged 83)
Shillong, Meghalaya, India
Alma mater - St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli
Madras Institute of Technology
After completing his education at the Ramanathapuram Schwartz Matriculation School, Kalam went on to attend Saint Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli, then affiliated with the University of Madras, from where he graduated in physics in 1954
He moved to Madras in 1955 to study aerospace engineering
While Kalam was working on a senior class project, the Dean was dissatisfied with his lack of progress and threatened to revoke his scholarship unless the project was finished within the next three days. Kalam met the deadline, impressing the Dean, who later said to him, "I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline".
He narrowly missed achieving his dream of becoming a fighter pilot, as he placed ninth in qualifiers, and only eight positions were available in the IAF.
Professor, Author, Aerospace scientist
Former President of India
11th President of India
In office as President - 25 July 2002 – 25 July 2007
He spent four decades as a scientist and science administrator, at the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
He was involved in India's civilian space program and military missile development efforts.
He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology.
He also played a pivotal organizational, technical and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974.
He was responsible for numerous projects such as Project Devil and Project Valiant and launch of the Rohini-1, besides developing missiles under the missions Agni and Prithvi
Kalam served as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister and the Secretary of the Defence Research and Development Organization from July 1992 to December 1999.
The Pokhran-II nuclear tests were conducted during this period in which he played an intensive political and technological role. Kalam served as the Chief Project Coordinator, along with R. Chidambaram, during the testing phase.
Religion – Islam
He was an Indian scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007.
After graduating from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1960, Kalam joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a scientist
Kalam was also part of the INCOSPAR committee working under Vikram Sarabhai, the renowned space scientist.
In 1969, Kalam was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) where he was the project director of India's first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) which successfully deployed the Rohini satellite in near-earth orbit in July 1980; Kalam had first started work on an expandable rocket project independently at DRDO in 1965.
In 1969, Kalam received the government's approval and expanded the programme to include more engineers.
Between the 1970s and 1990s, Kalam made an effort to develop the Polar Satellite Launching Vehicle (PSLV) and SLV-III projects, both of which proved to be successful.
In the 1970s, Kalam directed two projects, Project Devil and Project Valiant, which sought to develop ballistic missiles from the technology of the successful SLV programme.
Defence Minister, R Venkatraman was instrumental in getting the cabinet approval for allocating ₹388 crores for the mission, named Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) and appointed Kalam as the chief executive.
Kalam played a major part in developing many missiles under the mission including Agni, an intermediate range ballistic missile and Prithvi, the tactical surface-to-surface missile, although the projects have been criticized for mismanagement and cost and time overruns.
Kalam was criticized for his inaction in deciding the fate of 20 out of the 21 mercy petitions submitted to him during his tenure as President of India
Kalam acted on only one mercy plea in his five-year tenure as president, rejecting the plea of rapist Dhananjoy Chatterjee, who was later hanged.
Kalam was found guilty of violating the oath of his office by the Supreme Court of India for imposing presidential rule in Bihar state on 23 May 2005.Though he was protected from prosecution during his presidential term under article 361 of the constitution, he was liable to be prosecuted after his presidential term for violating the constitution of India.
After leaving Post of President of India Kalam became a visiting professor at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad and the Indian Institute of Management Indore, an honorary fellow of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram, professor of Aerospace Engineering at Anna University and an adjunct at many other academic and research institutions across India.
He taught information technology at the International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad and technology at Banaras Hindu University and Anna University.
In his book India 2020, Kalam strongly advocated an action plan to develop India into a "knowledge superpower" and a developed nation by the year 2020. He regarded his work on India's nuclear weapons programme as a way to assert India's place as a future superpower
Kalam's 79th birthday was recognized as World Student Day by the United Nation
In 2005, Switzerland declared 26 May as "Science Day" to commemorate Kalam's visit to the country
1981 – Padma Bhutan – Government of India
1990 - Padma Vibhushan - Government of India
1997 - Bharat Ratna - Government of India
While delivering a lecture at IIM Shillong on 27 July 2015, Kalam suffered a massive heart attack at around 6:30 p.m IST.
He was rushed to the Bethany Hospital in a critical condition, and subsequently died of cardiac arrest
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Monday, July 27, 2015
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27 July 2015
Know 15 Facts Short Biography of President APJ Abdul Kalam