Facts Short Biography of Hillary Clinton US Presidential Candidate
Hillary Diane Clinton was born Hillary Diane Rodham on October 26, 1947, in Chicago, Illinois. She was raised in Park Ridge, Illinois, a suburb located 15 miles northwest of downtown Chicago.
Physical Appearance -
5' 6", blonde hair, blue eyes
Hillary Rodham was the eldest daughter of Hugh Rodham, a fabric store owner, and Dorothy Emma Howell Rodham
She has two younger brothers, Hugh Jr. (born 1950) and Anthony (born 1954).
Hillary grew up in a middle class home in Park Ridge, a suburb of Chicago, Illinois. Her dad, Hugh, was a World War II Navy veteran and a small business man with a drapery business that designed, printed, and sold his draperies
In 2014, Hillary took on a new role—grandmother to Charlotte Clinton Mezvinsky
Year 1975 –
Hillary Rodham married Bill Clinton on October 11, 1975, at their home in Fayetteville.
She announced she was keeping the name Hillary Rodham, to keep their professional lives separate and avoid apparent conflicts of interest and because "it showed that I was still me,"
Their daughter, Chelsea Victoria, was born on February 27, 1980.
Hillary attended public schools and was a Brownie and a Girl Scout. She played in a girls' softball league. She was raised a Methodist and her mom taught Sunday school. Her youth minister took Hillary to see Martin Luther King, Jr. speak in Chicago and helped her develop a life-long passion for social justice.
Hillary graduated from Wellesley College and then went to Yale Law School, where she was one of just 27 women in her graduating class. Hillary met her husband Bill at law school.
Eugene Field Elementary School, Park Ridge, Illinois, 1953-1957;
Ralph Waldo Emerson Middle School, Park Ridge, Illinois, 1957-1961;
Maine Township High School, East and South, Park Ridge, 1961-1965
She attended Maine East High School, where she participated in student council, the school newspaper, and was selected for National Honor Society.
Senior year, she studied at Maine South High School, where she was a National Merit Finalist and graduated in the top five percent of her class of 1965
In 1965, she enrolled at Wellesley College, where she majored in political science
During her first year, she served as president of the Wellesley Young Republicans
She attended the 1968 Republican National Convention in Miami.
In early 1968, she was elected president of the Wellesley College Government Association and served through early 1969
In 1969, she graduated with a Bachelor of Arts, with departmental honors in political science.
She became the first student in Wellesley College history to deliver its commencement address.
Her speech received a standing ovation lasting seven minutes
That summer, she worked her way across Alaska, washing dishes in Mount McKinley National Park and sliming salmon in a fish processing cannery in Valdez (which fired her and shut down overnight when she complained about unhealthy conditions).
She entered Yale Law School.
In 1969, Hillary entered Yale Law School, where she served on the Board of Editors of Yale Law Review and Social Action, interned with children's advocate Marian Wright Edelman, and met Bill Clinton. The President often recalls how they met in the library when she strode up to him and said, "If you're going to keep staring at me, I might as well introduce myself." The two were soon inseparable--partners in moot court, political campaigns, and matters of the heart.
She was recruited by political advisor Anne Wexler to work on the 1970 campaign of Connecticut U.S. Senate candidate Joseph Duffey, with Rodham later crediting Wexler with providing her first job in politics
She received a Juris Doctor degree from Yale in 1973
She began a year of postgraduate study on children and medicine at the Yale Child Study Center.
Her first scholarly article, "Children under the Law", was published in the Harvard Educational Review in late 1973.
Political Party –
As a young woman, Hillary was active in young Republican groups and campaigned for Republican presidential nominee Barry Goldwater in 1964.
She was inspired to work in some form of public service after hearing a speech in Chicago by the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr.,
She became a Democrat in 1968.
Influenced by the assassinations of Malcolm X, Robert F. Kennedy, and Martin Luther King, Jr., she joined the Democratic Party and volunteered in the presidential campaign of antiwar candidate Eugene McCarthy.
Job Profession –
Hillary worked at various jobs during her summers as a college student.
In 1971, she first came to Washington, D.C. to work on U.S. Senator Walter Mondale's sub-committee on migrant workers.
In the summer of 1972, she worked in the western states for the campaign of Democratic presidential nominee George McGovern.
In the spring of 1974, she became a member of the presidential impeachment inquiry staff, advising the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives during the Watergate Scandal.
In August 1974, Rodham moved to Fayetteville, Arkansas
After President Richard M. Nixon resigned in August, she became a faculty member of the University of Arkansas Law School in Fayetteville, where her Yale Law School classmate and boyfriend Bill Clinton was teaching as well.
She became one of only two female faculty members in the School of Law at the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville.
Hillary joined the Rose Law Firm in Little Rock and, in 1977, was appointed to part-time chairman of the Legal Services Corporation by President Carter. As first lady of Arkansas for a dozen years (1979-1981, 1983-1992),
She chaired the Arkansas Educational Standards Committee, co-founded the Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families, and served on the boards of the Arkansas Children's Hospital, Legal Services and the Children's Defense Fund. She also served on the boards of TCBY and Wal-Mart.
Following her husband's November 1978 election as Governor of Arkansas, She became First Lady of Arkansas in January 1979
Hillary served as Arkansas's First Lady for 12 years
In 1979, she became the first woman to be made a full partner of Rose Law Firm.
From 1978 until they entered the White House, she had a higher salary than that of her husband that is Former President Bill Clinton.
In 1988 and 1991, The National Law Journal named her one of the 100 most powerful lawyers in America.
She served on the boards of the Arkansas Children's Hospital Legal Services (1988–1992)  and the Children's Defense Fund (as chair, 1986–1992).
She also held positions on the corporate board of directors of TCBY (1985–1992),
Wal-Mart Stores (1986–1992) and Lafarge (1990–1992).
TCBY and Wal-Mart were Arkansas-based companies that were also clients of Rose Law.
She was the first female member on Wal-Mart's board
In 2003, Clinton released a 562-page autobiography, Living History, for which publisher Simon & Schuster paid Clinton a near-record advance of $8 million.
The book set a first-week sales record for a nonfiction work, went on to sell more than one million copies in the first month following publication, and was translated into twelve foreign languages.
Clinton's audio recording of the book earned her a nomination for the Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album.
In 2014, Clinton published a second memoir, Hard Choices, which focused on her time as secretary of state.
It has sold about 250,000 copies, a decent figure considering the state of the publishing industry but a lot fewer than Living History.
Politics First Lady –
Bill was first elected president in 1992 and re-elected in 1996.
During Bill Clinton's 1992 presidential campaign, Hillary emerged as a dynamic and valued partner of her husband, and as president he named her to head the Task Force on National Health Reform (1993).
In Bill’s 1992 presidential campaign, Hillary played a crucial role by greeting voters, giving speeches, and serving as one of her husband’s chief advisers. Her appearance with him on the television news program 60 Minutes in January 1992 made her name a household word.
In 1995, despite being told by some officials not to go, Hillary led the U.S. delegation to Beijing to attend the UN Fourth World Conference on Women and gave a groundbreaking speech, declaring that “human rights are women's rights and women's rights are human rights once and for all”—inspiring women worldwide and helping to galvanize a global movement for women’s rights and opportunities.
She traveled to 79 countries during this time, breaking the mark for most-traveled First Lady held by Pat Nixon.
She was one of the most prominent international figures during the late 1990s to speak out against the treatment of Afghan women by the Islamist fundamentalist Taliban
In 2000, Hillary was elected to the U.S. Senate, becoming the first woman senator from New York. After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Hillary pushed the Bush administration to secure $20 billion to rebuild New York and fought to provide health care for first responders who were contaminated at Ground Zero.
Hillary Clinton was elected United States Senator from New York on November 7, 2000.
She became the first wife of a president to seek and win national office and the first woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate from New York.
She easily won re-election in November 2006.
In early 2007, Hillary Clinton announced her plans to strive for another first—to be the first female president.
During the 2008 Democratic primaries, Senator Clinton conceded her nomination when it became apparent that nominee Barack Obama held a majority of the delegate vote.
And when President Obama asked Hillary to serve as his secretary of state, she put aside their hard-fought campaign and answered the call to public service once again.
Shortly after winning the U.S. presidential election, Barack Obama nominated Hillary Clinton as secretary of state.
She accepted the nomination, and was officially approved as the 67th U.S. secretary of state by the Senate on January 21, 2009.
In early March 2015, she faced controversy and criticism when it was revealed that she had used her personal email address to handle official governmental business during her time as secretary of state.
She later turned over all governmental correspondence to the Obama administration while deleting messages that could be construed as personal
On April 12, 2015 Hillary Clinton's campaign chairperson John D. Podesta announced via email that the former secretary of state is entering the race to secure the Democratic presidential nomination for the 2016 elections
Over fifty books and scholarly works have been written about Hillary Rodham Clinton, from many perspectives.
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Monday, April 13, 2015
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13 April 2015
Facts Short Biography of Hillary Clinton US Presidential Candidate