Agewell Foundation Majority Indian senior citizens face misbehaviour, mistreatment in old age
A new study done by the Agewell Foundation, which works for the welfare and empowerment of the elderly, showed that one third of affected elderly put mistreatment or misbehaviour as the most common form of abuse faced by them.
For the study, the Foundation included 50,000 elderly persons from 300 districts across the country.
In India, despite several laws, policies and schemes for the welfare and
Empowerment of older persons, elderly human rights violation is on the rise.
Majority of older persons face harassment within their own houses in the hands of their
Own family members.
It has been observed that “Old Age” in modern India is being treated like a Curse. That?s why older persons don’t raise their voices against any Form of elder abuse. They accept it is as a part of bitter part of their life.
in India older generations are not aware of their human rights due to high
prevalence of illiteracy and lack of awareness. On the other hand, due to comparatively high
physical as well as psychological vulnerability their cries for help remain within four-walls,
That?s why only a few cases of violation of human rights of elderly come out.
Elder abuse, mistreatment and torture of older people are a manifestation of the
Timeless phenomenon of interpersonal violence is prevalent in India. Still, there is
No systematic collection of statistics or prevalence studies, crime records,
Journalistic reports, social welfare records and studies to provide evidence on existence
Of abuse, neglect and financial exploitation of elders.
Being mistreated, verbally abused, and denied proper food, proper medication and
care by younger members of family, most older people are indeed in a very helpless
Situation. With eroding social values in India, cases of elder abuse and mistreatment
In every neighborhood are daily routine.
With nuclear family further getting reduced to single parent family, increasing number
of old people have to head towards the Old Age Homes. In a still developing country
Like India, there is no guarantee that they are not experiencing severe abuse in Old Age
Homes as well.
The statutory provision for maintenance of parents under Hindu personal law is contained in Sec 20 of the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956. This Act is the first personal law statute in India, which imposes an obligation on the children to maintain their parents. As is evident from the wording of the section, the obligation to maintain parents is not confined to sons only, and daughters also have an equal duty towards parents. It is important to note that only those parents who are financially unable to maintain themselves from any source, are entitled to seek maintenance under this Act.
Older persons are emotionally abused by Intimidation through yelling or threats,
humiliation and ridicule, habitual blaming or scapegoat, ignoring the elderly person, isolating an elder from friends or activities, terrorizing or menacing the elderly person, etc. Ignoring health conditions of elderly, financial exploitation of elderly, sexual abuse are found as other major forms of elderly abuse. Major Consequences
Survey Findings –
Kind of elder abuse suffered by elderly respondents
b)Restricted social life
d)Denial of basic needs
e)Physical harassment /Assault
f)Other form of harassment
When the elderly respondents were asked about the type of their current
residence, it was found that more than 2/3rd elderly people (68.3%) have
Ancestral house, where they live. Out of 44187 elderly people living in their
own houses, 30171 elderly respondents were residing in their ancestral houses.
Only 31.7% elderly respondents (14016 out of 44187 living in their own
Houses) were living in self-acquired houses.
When volunteers asked older persons about their net-worth value, it was
found that 94.41% elderly respondents have their own house/land property
somewhere in their name, while only 5.59% elderly said that they have no
House or land property in their name anywhere.
56.6% elderly respondents (65.8% elderly men and 48.1% elderly women)
Claimed that they have to face harassment / mistreatment due to housing in
Old age. Out of 50000 elderly respondents interviewed during the survey,
28295 older persons said that they face harassment / mistreatment due to
Housing. Even though many of them are the owners of their property.
6.5% elderly respondents (26.7% elderly men and 26.2% elderly women)
accepted that they are being harassed by their family members due to
Housing/shelter. Out of 50000 13231 elderly respondents said that their
family members are somehow causing trouble in their life due to their
Most of the elderly respondents were suffering from harassment in old age
Due to their daughter/s-in law and their son/s. 54.62% elderly respondents
We’re being harassed/mistreated by their daughter/s-in-law and daughter/s in
Law & son/s both due to house/land properties.
29.11% elderly respondents were found harassed/mistreated by their
Daughter/s-in-law while 25.51% elderly respondents were being
Harassed/mistreated by their daughter/s-in-law and son/s both.
23.12% elderly respondents reportedly acknowledged that they are being
harassed by their son/s only, while for 17.44% elderly respondents their
grand-children were main cause of house/real estate related harassment /
Only 4.81% elderly respondents claimed that they had to face harassment
and mistreatment in old age due to others including their neighbors who
We’re doing this due to elderly respondents? real estate/house property
Out of 13231 elderly respondents suffering from elder abuse due to their
House/land properties 3029 older persons reportedly said that their son/s
Harass them. 3852 older persons said that their daughter/s-in-law and 3375
Older persons said that their son/s and daughter/s-in-law both harass them
Elderly men were found facing harassment and mistreatment because of
their house/land properties by their son/s in more cases in comparison to
Elderly women. 24.22% elderly men hold their son/s responsible for
Harassment/mistreatment while 22.08% elderly women were of the view that
Their son/s is/are harassing them.
Elderly women were found facing comparatively higher cases of harassment
and mistreatment due to their house/land property with the hands of their
Daughter/s-in-law. 29.32% elderly women blame their daughter/s-in-law for
Harassment/mistreatment in old age while 28.9% elderly women were of the
View that their daughter/s-in-law are harassing / mistreating them.
When Agewell volunteers, deputed as interviewers asked elderly
Respondents, who were suffering elder abuse or had ever faced elder abuse in
Their life, about most common form of elder abuse, it was found that every
Third elderly person (36.94% of overall affected elderly) stated
Misbehave/mistreatment as most common form of elder abuse. Out of 28295
affected elderly respondents, 10452 older persons ranked this as most
Common form of elder abuse.
Survey suggests that every fifth elderly (20.09% i.e. 5684 out of 28295
elderly respondents) were affected due to restrictions in their social life by
Their family members or others. According to them restricted social life is
Ranked most common form of elder abuse by 5684 elderly respondents.
When data obtained during the survey further tried to look into the financial
Status of financial self-dependent elderly respondents, it was found
that only 29.26% elderly respondents (45.85% elderly men & 8.39% elderly women) had actual control over their finances. Only 8688 elderly respondents out of 29693 elderly respondents accepted that they manage their finances as per their choice.
70.74% elderly respondents have only partial or no control over
Their finances. Almost half of the financial self-dependent elderly (48.38%)
have no control over their money and their family members have actual control on their financial income. Out of 29693, 14364 respondents claimed that they could not manage their money matters or mostly because their family members/relatives don’t let them control their money.
Almost every third elderly (34.3%) had no access to safe, affordable
Accessible and sustainable transport facility.
81.03% elderly respondents don’t find road transport facilities elderly Friendly.
Out of 50000 elderly respondents, only 37103 getting proper nutritious enough food in old age, while 12897 elderly people are Deprived from getting proper food.
Even 42.83% older persons (21414 out of 50000 elderly respondents) reportedly said that they are not getting safe drinking water currently. Out of them almost half elderly
respondents? had never got safe drinking water as majority of them were dependent on natural/traditional source of drinking water.
27% older respondents had no access to proper medicine/healthcare facility. In
Rural areas 28.3% elderly respondents and 25.5% urban elderly respondents
We’re not getting proper healthcare facilities.
13.25% elderly respondents (6624 out of 50000 elderly) said that they have
No/less respect and/or no say in family matters, which disturb them a lot.
REPRESENTATIVE STATEMENTS FROM OLDER PEOPLE
A - Ajmer, Rajasthan
“It hurts me a lot when people don’t listen to me carefully and take my views and
Comments lightly. Even police had ignored our complaints & requests when I
Approached them for help. People think that Old People have no work to do, but to
Complain about everything all the time.”
b- Nagpur, Maharashtra
“My family members often restrict my visit to village. During family functions they
Don’t allow me to interact with guests & relatives and keep me busy with household
Chores. After death of my husband, I am living just like a maid in my own house.”
“I have no space for me in the house, which I have built with my own hard-earned money. My daughter-in-law has occupied entire house gradually and forced me to stay at my daughter’s house. Whenever I go to my house, she misbehaves with me. I am fed up with the harassment. That’s why I prefer to live in my daughter’s house.”
“I have been facing emotional as well as physical harassment for many years. My
son, daughter-in-law & grand-children keep me locked from outside whenever
They go out. Sometimes, even for long hours I have to live in prison-like
Conditions. They take away all my pension money as well.”
The concept of Human rights is not developed and not understood by majority Indians
Human rights are normally against the religion , what is bad in religion becomes the human right
Morals remain only in stories in reality something else happens exactly opposite to morals
India needs strong laws with accountability of Police, CBI all enforcement agencies should be accountable.
Source - www.agewellfoundation.org
About Agewell –
Agewell Foundation, India is a not-for-profit NGO which has been working for the welfare and empowerment of older persons since 1999. Agewell has set up a two-tier network of over 7500 primary and 80000 secondary volunteers spread across 640 districts of India and interacts with over 25000 older persons on daily basis through its volunteers’ network.
Recognizing the work being done by Agewell Foundation ECOSOC has granted Special Consultative Status to Agewell Foundation at United Nations since 2011. It is associated with Department of Public Information, United Nations (UN-DPI).
Reality views by sm –
Monday, July 21, 2014
Tags – Old Age Harassment India Agewell Foundation
21 July 2014
Agewell Foundation Majority Indian senior citizens face misbehaviour, mistreatment in old age