28 August 2012

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China Time Line from 1600 BC to Year 2012 Important Events

China Time Line from 1600 BC to Year 2012 Important Events

1600 BC - 220 AD

1600 - 1050BC
First Chinese state, the Shang Dynasty, united most of north central China

1600BC
Shang Dynasty mastered bronze production

1045 - 770BC
Shang Dynasty replaced by Zhou Dynasty

770BC
Zhou state collapsed, became loose association of warring states known as Eastern Zhou

222BC
Kingdom fell to Ch'in; royal family slaughtered
  
221 - 206BC
Qin Shi Huangdi unified China, became first emperor
   
220BC
Construction of Great Wall of China began
   
214BC
Lingqu Canal engineered by Shi Lu
   
210BC
Terracotta Army, featuring over 8,000 terracotta statues, was buried
   
206BC - 220AD
Han Dynasty era, governed all of China, brought in the "golden age", grew economy, promoted Confucianism as the state philosophy

220 - 1650

220 - 589
 After fall of Han Dynasty, competing dynasties divided China, development began in southern China
   
618 - 907
Tang Dynasty reunited China
   
960 - 1279
Chinese classical culture flourished during Song Dynasty, Neo-Confucianism adopted as official state ideology
   
 1271 - 1368
 Mongols conquered China, established Yuan Dynasty, founded by Kublai Khan, Beijing became capital
   
1368
 Ming Dynasty overthrew Mongols, established agricultural economy, strengthened military, created central bureaucracy
   
1368
Great Wall completed
   
1644
 Manchu Qing Dynasty drove Ming out. Chinese empire annexed Tibet, Mongolia, Xinjiang

1700 - 1800

1711
British East Indian Company established trading post at Guangzhou
   
1839 - 1842
First Opium War fought between United Kingdom and Qing Dynasty over diplomatic relations, trade, administration of justice
   
1842
Treaty of Nanking ended First Opium War
   
1850 - 1864

Taiping Rebellion - Civil war led by Christian, Hong Ziuquan, against Qing Dynasty. About 20 million died
   
1855
Third Pandemic of Bubonic plague killed more than 12 million people in India and China
   
1856 - 1860
Second Opium War with British and French against Qing Dynasty
   
 1887
 Huang Ho River flooded, killed about 900,000

1900

1900
Boxer Rebellion against foreigners and Chinese Christians erupted, led by Chinese secret society, "The Righteous, Harmonious Fists", and aided by Empress Dowager Ci Xi

1900
Empress Douairisre ordered the Boxers to kill all foreigners
   
1900
United States announced it would send troops to fight against Boxer Rebellion
   
1900
European Allies recaptured Tientsin from Boxers
   
1900
International forces from eight nations entered Beijing to stop Boxer Rebellion

1901
Boxer Rebellion leaders, Chi-Hsin and Hsu-Cheng-Yu, were publicly executed
   
 1901
 Peace of Peking ended Boxer Rebellion
   
1908
Zxuan Tong, age 2.5 years, ascended the throne, became China's last Emperor
   
1910
 Slavery was abolished
   
1910
Plague struck An-Hul province, 2.5 million victims
   
1911
England and China signed treaty making opium main trading commodity
   
1911
Qing Dynasty overthrown, Sun Yat-sen elected first president of Republic of China
   
1911
Yangtze River overflowed, 100,000 people killed
   
1912
China adopted Gregorian calendar
   
1912
Yuan Shih-kai became president
   
1913
Kuomintang Party leader, Sun Yet San, called for revolt against President Yuan Shikai
   
1917
China declared war on Germany and Austria during World War I
   
1920
Earthquake in Gansu and Shanxi provinces caused landslides, killed between 100,000 to 200,000
   
1925
Sun Yat-sen died
   
1926
Chiang Kai-shek appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander, broke with Communists, confirmed Kuomintang as a nationalist party
   
1931
Huang He River flooded more than 40,000 square miles, killed more than one million people
   
 1931
 Japanese invaded Manchuria
   
1932
 Japanese attacked Shanghai, declared martial law
   
 1934 - 1935
 During Communist party's "Long March" to Shaanxi Province, Mao Zedong emerged as new leader
   
1936
  Chiang Kai-shek declared war on Japan
   
1941
 U. S. government froze Japanese and Chinese assets
   
1943
 Britain and the U. S. signed treaties with China, relinquished extraterritorial rights
   
 (1943
 Chiang Kai-shek became president of China
   
 1945
 Soviet Union declared war against Japan, launched surprise attack against Japanese forces in northern China and Korea

1949 - 1965

1949
Mao Zedong, Communist Party leader, established Communist People's Republic of China
   
1949
Nationalists sent up government on island of Taiwan
   
1950
During Korean War, China helped North Korea
   
1950
Tibet became part of People's Republic of China
   
 1958 - 1961
"Great Leap Forward" five year economic plan was introduced, included collectivised farming, labor-intensive industry. Plan failed and millions died of starvation
   
1959
Revolt in Tibet suppressed by Chinese forces
   
1959
Liu Shaoqi named president
   
1959
Oil reserves discovered in northern basin of Songhua, Liao Rivers, ending dependence on Soviet's supplies
   
1961
China used first nuclear reactor
   
1962
 Border dispute with India over Himalayan border resulted in brief conflict
   
1964
China detonated first atomic bomb
   
1965
Tibet became autonomous region of China

1966 - 1990

1966 - 1976
Mao's "Cultural Revolution" - campaign to revive revolutionary spirit resulted in massive social, political, economic upheaval, over one million people were killed or committed suicide

 1968
 President Liu Shaoqi ousted

 1970
 People's Republic of China accepted into membership by UN General Assembly

 1972
 U.S. President, Richard Nixon, visited China

1974
Terracotta Warriors found on east side of tomb of Emperor Qin Shihuang

 1975
 Typhoon caused enormous rain storms, 62 dams failed in one night, including two major dams, over 200,000 killed

 1976
 Mao Tse-Tung died. "Gang of Four", Mao's widow, three associates arrested and convicted of crimes against the state

1976
Tangshan Earthquake killed between 240,000 to 255,000, city was devastated

1977
Deng Ziaoping named vice-premier, led far-reaching economic reforms

1978
Chinese "boat people" who had left or been expelled from Vietnam, died after drifting at sea for weeks

 1979
 Diplomatic relations with U.S. established

1979
Family planning policy limiting families to one child enacted to help curb population growth

 1984
 Communist Party announced economic reforms: lifting of government price subsidies, relaxing of party control over businesses

 1986
 500,000 Chinese students gathered in People's Square in Shanghai, called for democratic reforms, including freedom of the press

 1986 - 1990
 "Open Door Policy" encouraged foreign investment, development of a market economy, private sector businesses

  1989
  Protests at Tiananmen Square resulted in over 200 deaths as troops opened fire
 
 1989
 U.S. and European Union imposed arms embargo on China in protest of post-Tiananmen clampdown

 1989
 Stockmarkets in Shanghai and Shenzhen opened

 1900
 Shanghai became autonomous municipality

1991
Widow of Mao Tse-Tung, Jiang Qing, committed suicide while in prison

 1992
 China and South Korea established diplomatic ties

1992
China and Russia signed declaration to restore friendly ties

 1992
 International Monetary Fund (IMF) ranked China's economy third largest in the world - behind Japan and U.S.

 1993
 Jiang Zemin became president

  1993
  Construction began on Three Gorges dam
 
 1994
 Official renminbi currency exchange rate abolished, floating rate fixed

 1994
 Internet was introduced in China

1994
Fire broke out in theater in Karamay where 1,000 teachers and children were visiting. Ordered to remain seated while Communist Party officials walked out first, 288 children died

 1995
 In order to intimidate Tawian during presidential elections, China tested missiles, held military exercises in Taiwan Strait

1996
In list established by international business people, China included in top-ten of most corrupt countries

 1996
 Shanghai Five (China, Russia , Kazakhstan , Kyrgyzstan , Tajikistan ) met in Shanghai and agreed to cooperate to combat ethnic and religious tensions in each others' countries

 1997
 Rioting broke out in Yining, Zinjiang following death of Deng Ziaoping. Bombs planted on buses killed nine, injured 74

 1997
 China regained control of Hong Kong , after 99 years of British rule

 1997
 Russia signed agreement to build a $3 billion dollar nuclear power plant in China

1998
Zhu Rongji became premier

1998
New reforms announced, including continued deceleration of economy, restructuring of state-owned businesses through amalgamations, shared flotations and bankruptcies, four million civil service jobs to be eliminated

 1999
 Nato bombed Chinese Embassy in Belgrade, Yugoslavia (now Serbia)

1999
China assumed formal sovereignty over Macau after 442 years of Portuguese control


2000's

2000
China reached market-opening trade deal with European Union

 2000
 Bomb explosion in Urumqi, Xinjiang killed 60

2001
Five members of Falun Gong set themselves on fire to protest unfair treatment of Falun Gong by government

2001
Mid-air collision over Hainan Island between U.S. Navy plane and People's Liberation Army Navy fighter jet resulted in international dispute between U.S. and China

 2001
 Shanghai Cooperation Organization launched to fight ethnic, religious militancy and promote trade and investment

 2001
 Uzbekistan joined Shanghai Five

2001
China joined World Trade Organization

2002
Hu Jintao named head of ruling Communist Party

2003
Hu Jintao elected president

 2003
 Hong Kong and China hit with SARS virus. Strict quarantine enforced

 2003
 Filling of the reservoir behind the Three Gorges Dam began

 2003
 China, India reached agreement over status of Tibet and Sikkim in cross-border trade agreement

 2003
 500,000 people marched in Hong Kong protesting Article 23, an anti-subversion bill, two Hong Kong government officials resigned, bill was shelved

2003
China's first manned spacecraft launched with Astronaut Yank Liwei aboard

 2004
 Chairman of the Central Military Commission, Jiang Zemin retired, three years ahead of schedule

2004
 Trade agreement with 10 southeast Asian countries could have potential of uniting 25% of world's population in free-trade zone

 2005
 Anti-Secession Law enacted formalizing policy of using "non-peaceful means" against Taiwan independence movement

 2005
 Relations with Japan deteriorated due to Japanese textbook that said China glossed over Japan's World War II record

 2005
 Lien Chan, Taiwan's National Party leader, visited China for first meeting between Nationalist and Communist Party leaders since 1949

 2005
 Russia, China held first joint military exercises

 2005
 Second manned space flight with two astronauts circled Earth

 2005
 Water supplies to millions of people cut off after explosion at chemical plant poisoned Songhua River

 2006)
 Three Gorges Dam, world's largest hydropower project, completed

2006
Tibet Railway Line, world's highest train route, began operations

 2006
 China-Africa summit held in Beijing with African heads of state, China promised billions of dollars in loans and credits

 2006
 Government announced China's environment has been reduced to a critical level, due to pollution

2007
In Chinese Slave Scandal, thousands of Chinese people, including children, had been forced to work as slaves in illegal brickyards
   
2007
Food and Drug Agency chief, Zheng Xiaoyu, executed for corruption and possible tainted products
   
 2008
Worst winter storms in half a century caused extensive damages, transportation disruption, 129
   
2008
Tens of thousands killed by massive earthquake in Sichuan province

2008
2008 Summer Olympics held in Beijing

2008
 China, Russia signed treaty ending 40-year-old border dispute

2008
 Milk and infant formula found adulterated with melamine

2008
Government announced $586 billion stimulus package due to global financial crisis and effect on China

2009
 Protests in Xinjiang region turned violent, many killed, hundreds injured

2009
 Officials in Shanghai encouraged parents to have second child to combat effect of aging population

2010
China posted increase in exports, overtook Germany as world's largest exporter

2010
 Google ended compliance with China's internet censorship, redirected searches to Hong Kong

2010
 Japan arrested Chinese trawler in disputed East China Sea, diplomatic row erupted

2010
Japan freed trawler crew, rejected China's demand for an apology

2010
 Jailed dissident, Liu Xiaobo, awarded Nobel Peace Prize. Beijing lodged official protests

2011
 China overtook Japan to become world's second-largest economy

2011
 Police killed seven Ulghurs suspect of initiating attacks in Horan and Kashgar

2012
 For the first time, city residents outnumbered rural population

2012
 Imports and exports dipped

2012
 Bo Xilai, Chongqing Communist Party leader, dismissed in country's largest political scandal in years. His wife placed under investigation for death of British businessman, Neil Heywood

2012
 China upped limit for yuan currency to 1% instead of 0.5% against US dollar

2012
 Blind activist, Chen Guangcheng, fled house arrest in Shandong and into protection of US diplomats

2012
 China agreed to allow Chen Guangcheng to study in U.S.



Suggested Reading –

Understand know about Chinese Currency Renminbi (RMB or CNY) Peoples Money
Does china got 500 or 1000 Currency Notes like India?


http://realityviews.blogspot.in/2012/01/understand-know-about-chinese-currency.html


 Reality views by sm -

Tuesday, August 2012

Tags -
China Timeline Important Events  



6 comments:

Virendra Kumar Sharma August 28, 2012  

Updated chronology of china.Good job sm ,thanks.

Destination Infinity August 29, 2012  

Good collection of events. Useful.

Destination Infinity