In Depth Transparency International's Corruption Index 2015
Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2015
released on Wednesday shows that India is ranked at 76 India is scored at 76
Based on expert opinion from around the world, the Corruption
Perceptions Index measures the perceived levels of public sector
corruption worldwide. Not one of the 168 countries assessed
in the 2015 index gets a perfect score and two-thirds score below
50, on a scale from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).
168 Countries 168 Scores –
How do countries measure up?
The perceived levels of public sector corruption in 168 countries around the world
Ranking or Score – 1 to 100
Score 0 to 9 = Highly Corrupt
Score – 90 to 100 = Very Clean
Below is list of the corruption score 168 countries
1- Americas and Corruption –
We witnessed two remarkable trends in the Americas in 2015: the
uncovering of grand corruption networks and the mass mobilization
of citizens against corruption.
Brazil improved lot.
The fight against impunity may be far from over, but 2015 sent a
strong warning to the corrupt. As three members of Honduras’s elite
Rosenthal clan were charged with money laundering and Guatemala’s
president was jailed for reportedly taking bribes.
2- Asia Pacific
People are trying to change but progress is very slow.
Between Australia’s slipping scores and North Korea’s predictably disastrous performance, this year’s index shows no significant improvement.
Malaysia’s 1MBD scandal brought the crux of the challenge
into sharp focus: is political leadership genuinely committed to fighting
corruption throughout society? The Malaysian prime minister’s inability
to answer questions on the US$700 million that made its way into
his personal bank account is only the tip of the iceberg.
In India and Sri Lanka leaders are falling short of their bold promises,
while governments in Bangladesh and Cambodia are exacerbating
corruption by clamping down on civil society. In Afghanistan and Pakistan, a failure to tackle corruption is feeding ongoing vicious conflicts, while China’s prosecutorial approach isn’t bringing sustainable remedy to the menace. This inability to tackle root causes holds true across the region – witness, for example, Australia’s dwindling score in recent years.
Europe and Central Asia –
While a handful of countries have improved, the general picture across
this vast region is one of stagnation. Governments are willing to pass
laws addressing corruption, yet enforcing them is a different matter. Also
very worrying is the marked deterioration in countries like Hungary, FYR
of Macedonia, Spain and Turkey. These are places where there was once
hope for positive change. Now we’re seeing corruption grow, while civil
society space and democracy shrinks.
Nordic countries score highly again – with Denmark, Finland, Sweden
coming top three, and Norway not far behind. Yet we’ve seen big
corruption cases in all four in 2015, including 13 Danish public
employees arrested in a corporate bribery case; the mayor of Bergen,
Norway’s second largest city, charged with bribery; Sweden’s partly
state-owned TeliaSonera (in which Finland also has a minority stake)
exiting Eurasian markets amid huge bribery allegations in Uzbekistan;
and the ongoing trial of the former head of Helsinki police’s antidrug
squad, charged with running a drug cartel of his own. Clearly there’s
still work to be done.
Corruption remains a huge challenge across the region, often going
hand in hand with repression. In low-scorers Hungary, Poland and Turkey
(which has plummeted in recent years along with Spain) politicians
and their cronies are increasingly hijacking state institutions to shore up
power, a worrying trend also affecting the Balkans. It’s even grimmer
further down the index: in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Uzbekistan
and others, governments are restricting, if not totally stifling, civil society
and free media – both proven to prevent corruption. Ukraine also
does badly, as the government drags its heels on reform.
Western Europe’s relentless stream of banking scandals continued in
2015, as Deutsche Bank paid the largest Libor fine in history in a
market-rigging scandal. More proof that the financial sector – banking
in particular – is in dire need of reform.
3-Middle East and North Africa –
Once again, three of the bottom 10 countries in this year’s index are
from the MENA region – Iraq, Libya and Sudan. The ongoing
devastating conflicts in these and other countries, such as Syria and
Yemen, inevitably mean that any efforts to strengthen institutions
and the state have taken a back seat. Yet security will only succeed
long term if governments make a genuine break with cronyism and
build trust with citizens. This will require a huge change in political will.
Most countries have maintained the same poor score, and some
(Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Syria and Tunisia) have deteriorated slightly.
Political corruption in particular remains a huge challenge. The rise of
ISIS and the ensuing fight against terrorism have been used by many
governments as an excuse to crack down on civil liberties and civil
4- Sub Saharan Countries –
year’s index presents a worrying picture – with 40 of 46 countries
showing a serious corruption problem and no improvement for
continent powerhouses Nigeria and South Africa. Indicators for rule of
law and justice score particularly badly.
What needs to happen?
Laws need real teeth. There’s anti-corruption legislation on the books
everywhere – albeit patchy and imperfect – but a failure to implement
and enforce is allowing the corrupt to operate with impunity. Governments must tackle political corruption and reform the financial sector,
and this can’t happen until laws and regulations are put into action
and civil society and the media are genuinely free.
This year’s poor results demand that leaders revisit the genuineness of their efforts and propel the region beyond stagnation. They must fulfil promises, and ensure efforts aren’t undermined in practice.
Governments need to ensure real and systemic reform – starting
with freeing judiciaries from political influence and creating better
regional cooperation between law enforcement to stop the corrupt
hiding in different jurisdictions.
Transparency International is a global movement with one vision: a
world in which government, business, civil society and the daily lives of
people are free of corruption. With more than 100 chapters worldwide
and an international secretariat in Berlin, we are leading the fight
against corruption to turn this vision into reality.
Reality views by sm –
Wednesday, January 27, 2016
Tags – Corruption Index CPI 2015 2016