Understanding what is Electrical Power Grid How Power Grid Works Why Grid Fails
Why India is facing Electricity Problems?
The reason is simple uneducated and selfish Politicians who cannot see beyond votes and corruption.
The black out in 20 states affected more than 60 Crore Indian people.
Complete blackout No electricity No one is responsible No One is Culprit No Punishment
Media has not reported in these 20 states how many ministers , politicians , enjoyed electricity when everyone was facing the darkness.
India is blessed by nature we got sun power and wind power and its utilization by politicians is as good as zero percent.
When scope to do corruption in coal and nuclear power will end then
I think Indian politicians will start to think about solar and wind power utilization by inviting foreign companies
On Monday, India was forced to buy extra power from the tiny neighboring kingdom of Bhutan to help it recover from a blackout that hit more than 22 states.
And they fool Indians saying that India is future super power.
India has five regional grids that carry electricity from electricity power plants to respective states in the country.
All the grids are being run by the state-owned Power Grid Corporation
Names of five electricity grids –
All of them are interconnected, except the Southern grid.
Northern Grid collapsed after that the eastern and northeastern grids too collapsed.
As three Grids failed, 22 states and union territories suffered the blackout in India.
The northern grid covers nine regions –
Eastern Grid covers six regions –
North Eastern grid covers seven regions –
Electricity travels from Electric power plant to our homes through the system called as Electric Power Grid.
An Electric power grid is an interconnected network of transmission lines for supplying electricity from power suppliers to consumers.
The power grid distribution lines can be above or underground.
Main power plant consists of spinning electrical generator.
What is used to spin electrical generator ?
1. Water wheel in a hydroelectric dam
2.A large diesel engine
3.A gas turbine
4.Steam turbine - Steam is created by burning coal, oil or natural gas or it may come from nuclear reactor.
Generator generates 3phase AC power.
In every home, we use single-phase electricity power.
Batteries produce direct current.
Generators produce 3 Phase AC power after this AC power enters transmission substation at the power plant.
Transmission substation uses transformers and increases the voltage and because of that, it travels long distances.
Transformers job is to reduce the volts normally its 240 Volts
When you see huge towers with power cables, you should understand it is a part of electric grid and is carrying the power.
Now in 3rd stage power enters to distribution grid.
And through electric poles, finally power electricity reaches to our home through electric meter.
Electric meters keeps count of how many electricity units are used by the particular home.
As per usages of electricity units, every household pays to the company.
Understanding in steps
1 –Main Power plant produces electricity
2- Electricity enters into substation
3- Now electricity travels through transmission lines
4 –Electricity reaches to transformers
5 –Electricity enters to home
Why Grid Collapse?
Following are the reasons for the grid failure.
1.Failure of equipment
2.power suppliers drawing excessive power from the grid
Media has reported that states like Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and Jammu Kashmir, are violators they draw excessive power.
As per law if this happens the states are fined, but I have never read or heard if any state is fined for withdrawing excessive power.
Photo of Electrical Substation
Reality views by sm –
Tuesday, July 31, 2012
Tags - Electricity Grid Know Understand