26 August 2012

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Short Biography of Neil Armstrong first man to walk on the moon

Short Biography of Neil Armstrong first man to walk on the moon

Name - Neil Armstrong

Nationality - American

Born     - August 5, 1930 Wapakoneta, Ohio, U.S.

Died - August 25, 2012 (aged 82) Columbus, Ohio, U.S.

Previous occupation -Naval aviator, test pilot

Time in space - 8 days, 14 hours, 12 minutes, and 31 seconds

Selection - 1958 Man In Space Soonest

Missions - Gemini 8, Apollo 11

He married Janet Shearon on January 28, 1956.

Children - Eric arrived in 1957, followed daughter Karen in 1959. Karen died of complications related to an inoperable brain tumor in January 1962.


In 1945, he started taking flying lessons, paying for them by working as a stock clerk at a drugstore.
On his 16th birthday, he got his pilot's license but didn't yet have a driver's license.

Neil A. Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon, was born in Wapakoneta, Ohio, on August 5, 1930. He began his NASA career in Ohio.

He earned his student pilot's license when he was 16. In 1947, Armstrong began his studies in aeronautical engineering at Purdue University on a U.S. Navy scholarship.

In year 1949, he was called to serve in the Korean War.
A U.S. Navy pilot, Armstrong flew 78 combat missions during this military conflict.
He left the service in 1952, and returned to college.

After serving as a naval aviator from 1949 to 1952, Armstrong joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) in 1955.

Armstrong served as the command pilot for his first mission, Gemini VIII. He and fellow astronaut David Scott were launched into the earth's orbit on March 16, 1966.
While in orbit, they were able to briefly dock their space capsule with the Gemini Agena target vehicle. This was the first time two vehicles had successfully docked in space.

Armstrong's second and last spaceflight was as mission commander of the Apollo 11 moon landing mission on July 20, 1969. On this mission, Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin descended to the lunar surface and spent 2½ hours exploring while Michael Collins remained in orbit in the Command Module.


His first assignment was with the NACA Lewis Research Center (now NASA Glenn) in Cleveland.

Over the next 17 years, he was an engineer, test pilot, astronaut and administrator for NACA and its successor agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

As a research pilot at NASA's Flight Research Center, Edwards, Calif., he was a project pilot on many pioneering high speed aircraft, including the well-known, 4000-mph X-15.

He has flown over 200 different models of aircraft, including jets, rockets, helicopters, and gliders.

Armstrong transferred to astronaut status in 1962.

He was assigned as command pilot for the Gemini 8 mission. Gemini 8 was launched on March 16, 1966, and Armstrong performed the first successful docking of two vehicles in space.

As spacecraft commander for Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing mission, Armstrong gained the distinction of being the first man to land a craft on the moon and first to step on its surface.

Armstrong subsequently held the position of Deputy Associate Administrator for Aeronautics, NASA Headquarters, and Washington, D.C.

In this position, he was responsible for the coordination and management of overall NASA research and technology work related to aeronautics.

He was Professor of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Cincinnati between 1971-1979. During the years 1982-1992, Armstrong was chairman of Computing Technologies for Aviation, Inc., Charlottesville, Va.

He received a Bachelor of Science Degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Purdue University and a Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Southern California.
He holds honorary doctorates from a number of universities.

Armstrong is a Fellow of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots and the Royal Aeronautical Society; Honorary Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and the International Astronautics Federation.

He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the Academy of the Kingdom of Morocco.

He served as a member of the National Commission on Space (1985-1986), as Vice-Chairman of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident (1986), and as Chairman of the Presidential Advisory Committee for the Peace Corps (1971-1973).

Armstrong has been decorated by 17 countries. He is the recipient of many special honors, including

1)  
the Presidential Medal of Freedom

2)  
the Congressional Space Medal of Honor

3)  
the Explorers Club Medal

4)  
the Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy

5)  
the NASA Distinguished Service Medal

6)  
the Harmon International Aviation Trophy

7)  
the Royal Geographic Society's Gold Medal

8)  
the Federation Aeronautique Internationale's Gold Space Medal

9)  
the American Astronautical Society Flight Achievement Award

10)  
the Robert J. Collier Trophy

11)  
the AIAA Astronautics Award

12)  
the Octave Chanute Award

13)    the John J. Montgomery Award

Armstrong's authorized biography, First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong, was published in 2005




Names of 12 Moonwalkers between from 1969 to 1972


The Apollo space program
Years - 1969 to 1972

Following are the names of 12 moonwalkers.

1)   
Neil Armstrong, Apollo 11, 1969

2)   
Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin, Apollo 11, 1969

3)   
Charles "Pete" Conrad, Apollo 12, 1969

4)   
Alan L. Bean, Apollo 12, 1969

5)   
Alan Shepard, Apollo 14, 1971

6)   
Edgar D. Mitchell, Apollo 14, 1971

7)   
David Scott, Apollo 15, 1971

8)   
James B. Irwin, Apollo 15, 1971

9)   
John Young, Apollo 16, 1972

10)   
Charles M. Duke Jr., Apollo 16, 1972

11)   
Eugene A. Cernan, Apollo 17, 1972

12)   
Harrison "Jack" Schmitt, Apollo 17, 1972


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Sunday, August 26, 2012

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14 comments:

MEcoy August 26, 2012  

he's probably one of the luckiest man to be the first on the moon

Virendra Kumar Sharma August 26, 2012  

May God bless this hero ,Let his soul rest in peace. .सलाम इस हीरो को मानवता के ,अन्वेषण के जांबाजी के .

Shaw August 26, 2012  

Rest in Peace Neil...

Destination Infinity August 26, 2012  

Impressive bio. Whatever he did or did not, he was a huge inspiration to many people later on and was instrumental in creating many more wannabe space pilots.

Destination Infinity